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Libros

a) Fundamentación de la bioética (2002)
b) Inicio de la vida (68)
c) Vejez y Final de la vida (176)
d) Genética (48)
e) Enfermedades y tratamientos (68)
f) Investigación y Experimentación con seres human (58)
g) Relación clínica con el paciente (67)
h) Investigación y Experimentación con otros seres (8)
i) Distribución de recursos en sanidad (49)
j) Bioetica y Legislación (114)
k) Comités de Ética (10)
l) Enfermería y Bioética (22)
M) Otros temas (164)
n) Medi ambient (56)


Tenemos 2910 libro(s) en la base de datos

Últimos libros añadidos

Methods in Medical Ethics

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Jeremy Sugarman, Daniel P. Sulmasy
Edición: Georgetown University Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-1589017016
Precio: 36,93€


Medical ethics draws upon methods from a wide array of disciplines, including anthropology, economics, epidemiology, health services research, history, law, medicine, nursing, philosophy, psychology, sociology, and theology.

In this influential book, outstanding scholars in medical ethics bring these many methods together in one place to be systematically described, critiqued, and challenged. Newly revised and updated chapters in this second edition include philosophy, religion and theology, virtue and professionalism, casuistry and clinical ethics, law, history, qualitative research, ethnography, quantitative surveys, experimental methods, and economics and decision science. This second edition also includes new chapters on literature and sociology, as well as a second chapter on philosophy which expands the range of philosophical methods discussed to include gender ethics, communitarianism, and discourse ethics. In each of these chapters, contributors provide descriptions of the methods, critiques, and notes on resources and training.

Methods in Medical Ethics is a valuable resource for scholars, teachers, editors, and students in any of the disciplines that have contributed to the field. As a textbook and reference for graduate students and scholars in medical ethics, it offers a rich understanding of the complexities involved in the rigorous investigation of moral questions in medical practice and research.



Casos clínicos en Contracepción. Aspectos clínicos, éticos y legales

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Coordinadora: Esther de la Viuda
Edición:
ISBN:
Precio:



La obra “Casos clínicos en Contracepción: aspectos clínicos, éticos y legales” ya es una realidad. Se trata de un manual práctico y multidisciplinar que analiza casos clínicos concretos que responden a situaciones diarias en las consultas, y que concluye con 12 recomendaciones de buena práctica clínica para que los médicos especialistas en Contracepción desempeñen su labor de una forma más segura y con mayor excelencia ética. La doctora Esther de la Viuda, ginecóloga del Servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia del Hospital Universitario de Guadalajara y ex presidenta de la Sociedad Española de Contracepción (SEC), coordinadora del manual, analiza la obra en esta entrevista.



El juramento médico

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Felipe Ojeda
Edición: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform , 2015
ISBN: 978-1511954730
Precio: 4,56€


Se facilitan los textos que han ido configurando la ética de la profesión médica, a lo largo de la historia. Muchos de los textos en su lengua original y con los comentarios del autor. Es un repositorio de gran parte de los juramentos profesionales médicos así como de algunos de los textos fundamentales en la ética médica desde el prisma del profesionalismo.



Enseñanza de bioética en la globalización de la salud

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: María Isabel Pérez de Pio
Edición: Académica Española, 2015
ISBN: 978-3659093241
Precio:24,29€


En 1992 la OMS puso en aplicación un Nuevo Paradigma de Salud mediante un compromiso político mundial de los países miembros de la Organización. Ello significó un cambio en los compromisos de Alma-Ata de: "Salud Para todos para el Año 2000" limitándose a: "Salud para Todos pero no para Todo". Se excluyen de servicios básicos de salud a grupos enteros de población. Se abandona el Juramento Hipocrático y la ética monoteísta. La eutanasia es vista como positiva. Se justifica la manipulación de los conocimientos científicos permitiendo dar recomendaciones temerarias. La sobre-vida de niños desestimada. La salud de las mujeres muchas veces sacrificada. Se permite el secreto en VIH/SIDA enfermedad infecciosa lo que dificulta la prevención, violando el concepto de igualdad de La Declaración Universal de Derechos del Hombre de 1948 que es reinterpretada. También se cometen frecuentes violaciones a la ética en investigación en países pobres. Estas son algunas de las evidencias que demuestran que la destrucción de la medicina y de la ética sanitaria están definitivamente instaladas a nivel mundial bajo el principal argumento de salvaguardar el ecosistema para las futuras generaciones.



Genética médica. Lo esencial de un vistazo

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Pritchard/Korf
Edición: Médica Panamericana, 2015
ISBN: 978-8479033958
Precio:22,95€


El libro Genética médica: lo esencial de un vistazo proporciona amplios conocimientos sobre una de las áreas de la medicina que avanzan a mayor velocidad



Moral Responsibility: An Introduction

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Matthew Talbert
Edición: Polity Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-0745680590
Precio: 22,95€


Most people would agree that a small child, or a cognitively impaired adult, is less responsible for their actions, good or bad, than an unimpaired adult. But how do we explain that difference, and how far can anyone be praised or blamed for what they have done? In this fascinating introduction, Matthew Talbert explores some of the key questions shaping current debates about moral responsibility, including: What is free will, and is it required for moral responsibility? Are we responsible for the unforeseen consequences of our actions? Is it fair to blame people for doing what they believe is right? And are psychopaths open to blame? As Talbert argues, we are morally responsible for our actions when they are related to us in particular ways: when our actions express our true selves, for example, or when we exercise certain kinds of control over them. It is because we bear these relationships to our actions that we are open to praise and blame. Moral Responsibility will be an important resource for students and researchers in ethics, moral psychology, and philosophy of agency and of great interest to all those wishing to understand an important aspect of our moral practices.



Respect for Nature: A Theory of Environmental Ethics

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor:Paul W. Taylor
Edición: Princeton University Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-0691150246
Precio: 25,93€


What rational justification is there for conceiving of all living things as possessing inherent worth? In Respect for Nature, Paul Taylor draws on biology, moral philosophy, and environmental science to defend a biocentric environmental ethic in which all life has value. Without making claims for the moral rights of plants and animals, he offers a reasoned alternative to the prevailing anthropocentric view--that the natural environment and its wildlife are valued only as objects for human use or enjoyment. Respect for Nature provides both a full account of the biological conditions for life--human or otherwise--and a comprehensive view of the complex relationship between human beings and the whole of nature.


This classic book remains a valuable resource for philosophers, biologists, and environmentalists alike--along with all those who care about the future of life on Earth. A new foreword by Dale Jamieson looks at how the original 1986 edition of Respect for Nature has shaped the study of environmental ethics, and shows why the work remains relevant to debates today.



Sobre el derecho de los hermafroditas

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor:Daniel J. García
Edición: Melusina, 2015
ISBN:978-84-15373-21-6
Precio: 9,10€


Este conciso volumen rescata un texto olvidado en la Bibliothèque Nationale de Estrasburgo, una tesis que defendió un brillante joven de 19 años el 13 de junio de 1788 que supone un cierre simbólico del tratamiento de los intersexos en el ámbito estrictamente jurídico. A partir de entonces, el intersexo cambia de manos y pasa de la tutela legal a la médica, del saber jurídico al saber científico para, finalmente, encuadrarse en el paradigma biopolítico.

Junto con el texto original en latín y su traducción, la obra incluye una extensa y lúcida introducción en la que se detalla la naturaleza de este tránsito de «saberes» y se traza la genealogía de los intersexos desde el paso del «mito a la carne», es decir, de la Grecia clásica a la hegemonía de la Iglesia, pasando por la medicalización que culmina en la implantación del siniestro «protocolo» del doctor John Money en la década de 1970, hasta una incipiente nueva etapa, la actual, en la que por primera vez comienza a primar el derecho a la autodeterminación del sexo y género, como pone de manifiesto la ley de identidad de género aprobada en Malta en abril de 2015.



Le temps des philosophes

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Jean Piwnica
Edición: L'Harmattan, 2015
ISBN: 978-2-343-06775-9
Precio:25,65€


Le temps, source de réflexion et d'inspiration, intervient en toute chose, rien de ce qui concerne l'homme ne lui est étranger -son essence, son existence, sa mort. Il n'est pas surprenant que la mythologie s'en soit emparé, que les civilisations l'ait divinisé et glorifié tant il est présent dans les consciences angoissées par la finitude de l'existence. Naturel donc pour le philosophe de s'interroger à son tour.



The Politics of Blood: Ethics, Innovation and the Regulation of Risk

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Anne-Maree Farrell
Edición: Cambridge University Press, 2015
ISBN: 9781107474796
Precio: 34,99€


How best to manage risk involving multi-valued human biological materials is the overarching theme of this book, which draws on the sourcing and supply of blood as a case study. Blood has ethical, social, scientific and commercial value. This multi-valuing process presents challenges in terms of managing risk, therefore making it ultimately a matter for political responsibility. This is highlighted through an examination of the circumstances that led to HIV blood contamination episodes in the US, England and France, as well as their consequences. The roles of scientific expertise and innovation in managing risks to the blood system are also analyzed, as is the increased use of precautionary and legal strategies in the post-HIV blood contamination era. Finally, consideration is given to a range of policy and legal strategies that should underpin effective risk governance involving multi-valued human biological materials.



New Perspectives on Paternalism and Health Care

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Thomas Schramme
Edición: Springer, 2015
ISBN:978-3-319-17960-5
Precio: 83,29€


This work sets the stage regarding debates about paternalism and health care for years to come. The anthology is organized around four parts: i) The concept of paternalism and theoretical issues regarding the idea of anti-paternalism, ii) strategies for justifying different forms of paternalism, iii) paternalism in psychiatry and psychotherapy, iv) paternalism and public health, and v) paternalism and reproductive medicine. Medical paternalism was arguably one of the main drivers of debates in medical ethics and has led to a wide acknowledgement of the value of patient autonomy. However, more recent developments in health care, such as the increasing significance of public health measures and the commercialization of medical services, have led to new social circumstances and hence to the need to rethink issues regarding paternalism. This work provides an invaluable source for many scholars and practitioners, since it deals in new and original ways with one of the main and oldest issue in health care ethics.​



The Ethics Police?: The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Robert Klitzman
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-0-19-936460-2
Precio:22,99 Libras



Investigates the hidden world of IRBs as they face increasing pressures, responsibilities and criticism from many sides
Examines issues, offers data, and provides insights that have never been presented in a book before concerning the inside world of IRBs: how they make decisions and view the controversies they now face
Explores how the potential future risks vs. benefits of studies actually get weighed, what complexities and ambiguities arise, and how these are dealt with
Discusses how the quality of science in studies is assessed and weighed in relation to ethics, how conflicts of interest play out in science and ethics, and how government agencies, researchers, and universities all affect the ethical reviews of studies
Research on human beings saves countless lives, but has at times harmed the participants. To what degree then should government regulate science, and how? The horrors of Nazi concentration camp experiments and the egregious Tuskegee syphilis study led the US government, in 1974, to establish Research Ethics Committees, known as Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to oversee research on humans. The US now has over 4,000 IRBs, which examine yearly tens of billions of dollars of research — all studies on people involving diseases, from cancer to autism, and behavior. Yet ethical violations persist.

At the same time, critics have increasingly attacked these committees for delaying or blocking important studies. Partly, science is changing, and the current system has not kept up. Since the regulations were first conceived 40 years ago, research has burgeoned 30-fold. Studies often now include not a single university, but multiple institutions, and 40 separate IRBs thus need to approve a single project. One committee might approve a study quickly, while others require major changes, altering the scientific design, and making the comparison of data between sites difficult.

Crucial dilemmas thus emerge of whether the current system should be changed, and if so, how. Yet we must first understand the status quo to know how to improve it. Unfortunately, these committees operate behind closed doors, and have received relatively little in-depth investigation. Robert Klitzman thus interviewed 45 IRB leaders and members about how they make decisions. What he heard consistently surprised him.

This book reveals what Klitzman learned, providing rare glimpses into the conflicts and complexities these individuals face, defining science, assessing possible future risks and benefits of studies, and deciding how much to trust researchers — illuminating, more broadly, how we view and interpret ethics in our lives today, and perceive and use power.

These committees reflect many of the most vital tensions of our time - concerning science and human values, individual freedom, government control, and industry greed. Ultimately, as patients, scientists, or subjects, the decisions of these men and women affect us all.
Readership: a) The General public: This book explores several major issues of general interest, drawing on scandals in the media and crucial issues of our time concerning conflicts between health, science, industry, money, government, and individual rights. The decisions affect us all - whether as patients, family members, co-workers, friends, or voters. b) Health care providers and students: physicians (including internists, oncologists, ob/gyns, pediatricians, neurologists, psychiatrists), researchers, nurses, genetic counselors, psychologists, social workers, physician's assistants, etc. c) Anyone involved in science: researchers, research subjects, funders, patients with diseases being researched, scholars and educators interested in freedom of intellectual inquiry; social scientists who frequently abhor IRBs. d) Hospital and health care management and administrators e) Other fields: · Law · Policy · Sociology (e.g., all sociologists conducting research in any area, sociology of science medical sociology, organizational sociology, sociology of work) · Government/policy makers (e.g., government affairs, government agencies, political science) · Anthropology (e.g., anthropologists conducting research in any area, anthropology of science medical anthropology) · Psychology (e.g., clinical psychology, health psychology, decision-making) · History (e.g., oral history, history and philosophy of science,) · Journalism · University/higher education · Ethics (e.g., narrative medicine, doctor-patient relationships and relationships, professionalism) · Research ethics (e.g., pharmacology, biotechnology, animal ethics committees) · Business school /management organizational (e.g., risk management, compliance) · Non-fiction writing



Nanotechnology and Ethical Governance in the European Union and China

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Sally Dalton-Brown
Edición: Springer, 2015
ISBN:978-3-319-18233-9
Precio: 67,82€


This book addresses questions surrounding the feasibility of a global approach to ethical governance of science and technology. The emergence and rapid spread of nanotechnology offers a test case for how the world might act when confronted with a technology that could transform the global economy and provide solutions to issues such as pollution, while potentially creating new environmental and health risks. The author compares ethical issues identified by stakeholders in China and the EU about the rapid introduction of this potentially transformative technology – a fitting framework for an exploration of global agency.
The study explores the discourse ethics and participatory Technology Assessment (pTA) inspired by the work of Jürgen Habermas to argue that different views can be universally recognized and agreed upon, perhaps within an ideal global community of communication. The book offers a developed discourse model, utilizing virtue ethics as well as the work of Taylor, Beck, Korsgaard and others on identity formation, as a way forward in the context of global ethics. The author seeks to develop new vocabularies of comparison, to discover shared aspects of identity and to achieve, hopefully, an ‘intercultural personhood’ that may lead to a global ethics.



The Cambridge dictionary of Philosophy

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Robert Audi
Edición: Cambridge University Press, 2015
ISBN: 9781107643796
Precio:44,65€


This is the leading, full-scale comprehensive dictionary of philosophical terms and thinkers to appear in English in more than half a century. Written by a team of more than 550 experts and now widely translated, it contains approximately 5,000 entries ranging from short definitions to longer articles. It is designed to facilitate the understanding of philosophy at all levels and in all fields. Key features of this third edition include: * 500 new entries covering Eastern as well as Western philosophy, and covering individual countries such as China, France, Germany, Italy, and Spain * Increased coverage of such growing fields as ethics and philosophy of mind * More than 100 new intellectual portraits of leading contemporary thinkers * Wider coverage of Continental philosophy * Dozens of new technical concepts in cognitive science and other areas * Enhanced cross-referencing to add context and increase understanding * Expansions in both text and index to facilitate research and browsing.



Rethinking Machine Ethics in the Age of Ubiquitous Technology

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Jeffrey White and Rick Searle
Edición: IGI Global, 2015
ISBN: 9781466685925
Precio: 164$


s the utilization of intelligent machines spreads to numerous realms, the discourse of machine ethics has also developed and expanded. Concerns over machine intelligence and the role of automata in everyday life must be addressed before artificial intelligence and robotic technologies may be fully integrated into human society.

Rethinking Machine Ethics in the Age of Ubiquitous Technology blends forward-looking, constructive, and interdisciplinary visions of ethical ideals, aims, and applications of machine technology. This visionary reference work incorporates ethical conversations in the fields of technology, computer science, robotics, and the medical industry, creating a vibrant dialogue between philosophical ideals and the applied sciences. With its broad scope of relevant topics, this book serves as an excellent tool for policymakers, academicians, researchers, advanced-level students, technology developers, and government officials.

This timely publication features thoroughly researched articles on the topics of artificial moral agency, cyber-warfare, transhumanism, organic neural nets, human worker replacement, automaticity and global governance, security and surveillance, military drones, and more.



Life Extension: Lessons from Drosophila

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editor: Vaiserman, Alexander, Moskalev, Alexey, Pasyukova, Elena
Edición: Springer, 2015
ISBN: 978-3-319-18326-8
Precio:118,99$


​This book looks at aging through research on Drosophila, the fruit fly that is one of the most widely used model organisms in bio gerontology. Work in model organisms can expand the theoretical knowledge of aging: it yields valuable insight into the molecular and cellular processes that underlie aging process, and it can perhaps provide new therapeutic targets for the treatment of age-related disorders in humans.
Drosophila models have been developed for a large variety of aging-related processes and diseases, and this book provides readers with an overview of current research on the use of the Drosophila model to understand the genetic, molecular and physiological mechanisms that underlie the aging process. Themes of health span, life extension and longevity-associated genes emerge in this collation of international research on Drosophila that is of relevance to geriatrics and gerontology, animal genetics and genomics, and biomedicine.
This fascinating, illustrated book will be of interest to a wide audience, ranging from academic researchers to the general reader.



Meta, método y mito en ciencia

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Andrés Rivadulla
Edición: Trotta, 2015
ISBN: 978-84-9879-592-9
Precio: 15€


En Éxito, razón y cambio en física, Andrés Rivadulla dejaba para otro libro el análisis detallado del debate epistemológico. La presente obra cumple ampliamente este propósito. La polémica realismo-instrumentalismo ocupa una parte importante de este texto, en el que se presentan las diferentes corrientes contemporáneas del realismo científico, se analizan sus puntos débiles y se desarrolla de forma histórica y sistemática el instrumentalismo, corriente epistemológica por la que se decanta el autor. Destaca, en particular, la importancia que este otorga a la incompatibilidad interteórica, como argumento que ha de decidir el resultado del debate.
Pero este libro es también una obra de metodología de la ciencia. El autor reivindica el papel que el contexto de descubrimiento tiene para una visión completa de la misma, en la que contexto de justificación y de descubrimiento se sitúan al mismo nivel de relevancia. Así, se pone especial énfasis en el peso de la abducción en ciencias observacionales y en ciencias teóricas de la naturaleza, y se propone una forma nueva de creatividad deductiva, la preducción, en el contexto de descubrimiento de las ciencias teóricas.
Tras Revoluciones en física y Éxito, razón y cambio en física, este libro cierra una suerte de trilogía en torno a ciencia, historia y filosofía. Las numerosas novedades aportadas en esta obra, tanto en metodología de la ciencia como en epistemología, prometen mantener el interés que la filosofía actual de la ciencia viene suscitando durante las últimas décadas.



Genomics-Enabled Learning Health Care Systems: Gathering and Using Genomic Information to Improve P

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Títol: Genomics-Enabled Learning Health Care Systems: Gathering and Using Genomic Information to Improve Patient Care and Research: Workshop Summary (2015)
Autor: Sarah H. Beachy, Steve Olson, and Adam C. Berger, Rapporteurs
Edición: The National Academic Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-0-309-37112-4
Precio: 38$


The inclusion of genomic data in a knowledge-generating health care system infrastructure is one promising way to harness the full potential of that information to provide better patient care. In such a system, clinical practice and research influence each other with the goal of improving the efficiency and effectiveness of disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. To examine pragmatic approaches to incorporating genomics in learning health care systems, the Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health hosted a workshop which convened a variety of stakeholder groups, including commercial developers, health information technology professionals, clinical providers, academic researchers, patient groups, and government and health system representatives, to present their perspectives and participate in discussions on maximizing the value that can be obtained from genomic information. The workshop examined how a variety of systems are capturing and making use of genomic data to generate knowledge for advancing health care in the 21st century. It also sought to evaluate the challenges, opportunities, and best practices for capturing or using genomic information in knowledge-generating health care systems. Genomics-Enabled Learning Health Care Systems summarizes the presentations and discussion of the workshop.



Bioethics at the Council of Europe (2015)

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Council of Europe
Edición: Council of Europe, 2015
ISBN: REF. 173813GBR
Precio:


Biological and medical research and developments in technology have produced spectacular advances in the health field. However, these advances raise ethical issues that affect the individual and protection of the individual’s rights and dignity (genetics, medically assisted procreation, prenatal diagnosis, stem cell research etc). A brochure on Bioethics at the Council of Europe informs about the activities of the Council of Europe in the field of bioethics.



Sufre, luego importa

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Francisco Lara , Olga Campos
Edición: Plaza y Valdés, 2015
ISBN:978-84-16032-66-2
Precio:12€


¿Qué trato merecen los animales? Este libro no plantea la cuestión meramente desde los ejemplos y las opiniones sino que, sin perder su pretensión divulgativa, son los argumentos filosóficos los que guían la estructura del texto como un todo. Aportan razones que sirven de marco para actuar de una u otra forma, al plasmarse en obligaciones concretas. La justificación teórica se aplica a cuestiones muy específicas: ¿debemos ser vegetarianos o, incluso, veganos?, ¿es legítimo usar animales como sujetos de investigación médica?, ¿ha de perpetuarse la tradición de las corridas de toros? La forma trivial y carente de rigor con la que muchas veces se han tratado estas cuestiones demanda un análisis serio de la pregunta fundamental sobre si los animales tienen o no derechos morales.
En este libro veremos claramente identificadas las graves incoherencias al respecto de los postulados éticos tradicionales que, paradójicamente, todavía hoy rigen nuestras acciones. Y se defenderá que la ética no puede obviar el sufrimiento de los seres que lo padecen. El que uno pueda ser dañado tendría que ser lo relevante, y no la capacidad de hablar o la pertenencia a una determinada especie. Francisco Lara y Olga Campos identifican con claridad los motivos para cambiar de paradigma ético. Nos presentan el debate del valor moral de los animales lejos del dogmatismo pero sin renunciar a la firme reivindicación de determinadas obligaciones morales que implicarán un cambio radical en nuestra forma de relacionarnos con ellos.



La historia de los medicamentos. Del Arsénico a la Viagra. 250 hitos en la historia de los medicamen

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Gerald, Michael C.
Edición: Librero, 2015
ISBN:9789089984975
Precio:19,95€


Este libro recoge 250 hitos fascinantes de la historia de los fármacos, desde el año 60.000 a.C. hasta nuestros días, e incluso se asoma al futuro cercano. Además de desconcertantes maravillas como el tiopental («suero de la verdad») y la absenta («el hada verde»), esta cronología aborda temas tan diversos como el de la marihuana terapéutica, el metabolismo de los medicamentos, los fármacos antidepresivos, la inyección letal, la publicidad directa al consumidor y el abuso de los medicamentos con receta. Asimismo, tienen un lugar destacado científicos, médicos y otros profesionales que han desarrollado y estudiado las sustancias incluidas en esta obra, entre ellos Henry Hallett Dale, William Withering, Joseph Lister, Oswald Schmiedeberg, Paul Ehrlich, Alexander Fleming, Howard Florey y Ernst Chain.
Con magníficas ilustraciones y un amplio recorrido histórico, La historia de los medicamentos proporciona información exclusiva sobre multitud de sustancias capaces de alterar mente y cuerpo que han ejercido una gran influencia en la humanidad.
«La dosis determina si una sustancia es venenosa o sanadora.»
Paracelso, c. 1493-1541



Engineering Identities, Epistemologies and Values

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Eds: Christensen, S.H., Didier, C., Jamison, A., Meganck, M., Mitcham, C., Newberry, B.
Edición: Springer, 2015
ISBN: 978-3-319-16172-3
Precio: 107,09€


This second companion volume on engineering studies considers engineering practice including contextual analyses of engineering identity, epistemologies and values. Key overlapping questions examine such issues as an engineering identity, engineering self-understandings enacted in the professional world, distinctive characters of engineering knowledge and how engineering science and engineering design interact in practice.
Authors bring with them perspectives from their institutional homes in Europe, North America, Australia\ and Asia. The volume includes 24 contributions by more than 30 authors from engineering, the social sciences and the humanities. Additional issues the chapters scrutinize include prominent norms of engineering, how they interact with the values of efficiency or environmental sustainability. A concluding set of articles considers the meaning of context more generally by asking if engineers create their own contexts or are they created by contexts.
Taken as a whole, this collection of original scholarly work is unique in its broad, multidisciplinary consideration of the changing character of engineering practice.



El Marco Global de Atención al Menor

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor:José Javier Navarro Pérez Vicenta Mestre Escrivá
Edición: Tirant Lo Blanch, 2015
ISBN:9788416349197
Precio:25,20€


EI presente trabajo trata de aproximar la atención al menor desde diferentes enfoques. las prácticas basadas en la evidencia constituyen experiencias contrastadas, válidas y novedosas para afrontar los riesgos que envuelven el espacio global. Este ha sido nuestro punto de referencia: partir de la práctica para atender las necesidades. la obra se divide en tres partes bien definidas; la primera que introduce un marco general de atención, la segunda que contextualiza y reflexiona sobre los principales sistemas y políticas públicas de atención al menor -prevención, protección y reeducación- y la tercera, en la que se presentan intervenciones especializadas -drogas,trastornos del comportamiento y violencia intra y extra familiar- . Constituye un material de especial relevancia elaborado por expertos de reconocido prestigio en el trabajo con menores, adolescentes y jóvenes - See more at: http://www.tirant.com/editorial/ebook/el-marco-global-de-atencion-al-menor-jose-javier-navarro-perez-9788416349197#sthash.bQbTDwxR.dpuf




Islamic Bioethics: Current Issues and Challenges

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Alireza Bagheri, Khalid Abdulla Al-Ali
Edición: Peregrine Book Company, 2015
ISBN:9781783267491
Precio:115$


Islamic Bioethics presents a wide variety of perspectives and debates on how Islamic societies deal with the ethical dilemmas raised by biomedicine and new technologies. The book is a "constructive dialogue" between contributors selected from a multidisciplinary group of Muslim and non-Muslim scholars from different Islamic countries. The 13 chapters illuminate the diversity and complexity of the issues discussed in Islamic bioethics and pave the way to a better understanding of Islamic bioethics and dialogue in the global bioethics community. The chapters take both theoretical and practical approaches to the topic, and each covers an emerging issue in Islamic bioethics. This book will be useful for academics and professional institutions in both Islamic and non-Islamic countries, and will be instrumental in providing researchers, scholars, students, policymakers and medical professionals with access to the latest issues and debates related to Islamic bioethics.



Culture and the death of God

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Eagleton, Terry
Edición: Yale University Press, 2015
ISBN:9780300212334
Precio: 13,30€


How to live in a supposedly faithless world threatened by religious fundamentalism? Terry Eagleton, formidable thinker and renowned cultural critic, investigates in this thought-provoking book the contradictions, difficulties, and significance of the modern search for a replacement for God. Engaging with a phenomenally wide range of ideas, issues, and thinkers from the Enlightenment to today, Eagleton discusses the state of religion before and after 9/11, the ironies surrounding Western capitalism's part in spawning not only secularism but also fundamentalism, and the unsatisfactory surrogates for the Almighty invented in the post-Enlightenment era. The author reflects on the unique capacities of religion, the possibilities of culture and art as modern paths to salvation, the so-called war on terror's impact on atheism, and a host of other topics of concern to those who envision a future in which just and compassionate communities thrive. Lucid, stylish, and entertaining in his usual manner, Eagleton presents a brilliant survey of modern thought that also serves as a timely, urgently needed intervention into our perilous political present.



Death’s Values and Obligations: A Pragmatic Framework

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Dennis R Cooley
Edición: Springer, 2015
ISBN: 978-94-017-7264-8
Precio: 103,99€


This book brings together the relevant interdisciplinary and method elements needed to form a conceptual framework that is both pragmatic and rigorous. By using the best and often the latest, work in thanatology, psychology, neuroscience, sociology, physics, philosophy and ethics, it develops a framework for understanding both what death is – which requires a great deal of time spent developing definitions of the various types of identity-in-the-moment and identity-over-time – and the values involved in death. This pragmatic framework answers questions about why death is a form of loss; why we experience the emotional reactions, feelings and desires that we do; which of these reactions, feelings and desires are justified and which are not; if we can survive death and how; whether our deaths can harm us; and why and how we should prepare for death. Thanks to the pragmatic framework employed, the answers to the various questions are more likely to be accurate and acceptable than those with less rigorous scholarly underpinnings or which deal with utopian worlds.



Cancer and the LGBT Community

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editor: Ulrike Boehmer, Ronit Elk
Edición: Springer, 2015
ISBN: 978-3-319-15057-4
Precio: 124,94€


This book covers the scope of current knowledge of cancer in the LGBT community across the entire cancer continuum, from understanding risk and prevention strategies in LGBT groups, across issues of diagnosis and treatment of LGBT patients, to unique aspects of survivorship and death and dying in these communities. Each chapter includes an in depth analysis of the state of the science, discusses the many remaining challenges and unanswered questions and makes recommendations for research, policy and programmatic strategies required to address these. Focus is also placed on the diversity of the LGBT communities.
Issues that are unique to cancer in LGBT populations are addressed including the social, economic and cultural factors that affect cancer risk behaviors, barriers to screening, utilization of health care services, and legislation that directly impacts the health care of LGBT patients, healthcare settings that are heterosexist and unique aspects of patient-provider relationships such as disclosure of sexual orientation and the need for inclusion of expanded definition of family to include families of choice.
The implications of policy change, its impact on healthcare for LGBT patients are highlighted, as are the remaining challenges that need to be addressed. A roadmap for LGBT cancer prevention, detection, diagnosis, survivorship, including treatment and end of life care is offered for future researchers, policy makers, advocates and health care providers.



Acción, deber,donación: dos dimensiones éticas inseparables de la acción

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Urbano Ferrer Santos
Edición: Dykinson, 2015
ISBN:9788490853931
Precio:18€



Resumen del libro
Tomando por guía la acción, el presente libro analiza en sus dos primeras partes las vertientes fenomenológico- eidética, hermenéutica y ética de la acción en diálogo con los autores clásicos y contemporáneos que más representativamente las han abordado (Tomás de Aquino, Ricoeur, Polo, Scheler, Wojtyla..). El autor muestra que no son estadios superpuestos, sino que se puede transitar del análisis eidético al hermenéutico a través del agente motivado en sus actos voluntarios y de las mediaciones cultural e histórica de su actuación y se desemboca al fi n en el nivel ético cuando se repara en la exigencia de universalización que reivindica la acción en tanto que humana.
La tercera parte aborda las dos fuentes éticas de la donación y la obligación, resaltando la convergencia de ambas desde el primado de la donación. Para ello Urbano Ferrer cuenta con los relevantes estudios sobre el don procedentes del área francesa (Mauss, Marion, Derrida, Bruaire..) y termina enmarcándolo constitutivamente en la persona. No pretende una síntesis de diferentes planteamientos, sino dejarse llevar por las cosas mismas en sus conexiones de esencia y traer a colación a propósito de ellas las averiguaciones de los autores aludidos, ejerciendo la crítica desde el contraste con las evidencias de esencia.



After Roe: the lost history of the abortion debate

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Ziegler, Mary
Edición: Harvard University Press, 2015
ISBN: 9780674736771
Precio:43,67€


Forty years after the U.S. Supreme Court handed down its decision legalizing abortion, Roe v. Wade" continues to make headlines. After Roe: The Lost History of the Abortion Debate" cuts through the myths and misunderstandings to present a clear-eyed account of cultural and political responses to the landmark 1973 ruling in the decade that followed. The grassroots activists who shaped the discussion after Roe," Mary Ziegler shows, "were far more fluid and diverse than the partisans dominating the debate today. In the early years after the decision, advocates on either side of the abortion battle sought common ground on issues from pregnancy discrimination to fetal research. Drawing on archives and more than 100 interviews with key participants, Ziegler s revelations complicate the view that abortion rights proponents were insensitive to larger questions of racial and class injustice, and expose as caricature the idea that abortion opponents were inherently antifeminist. But over time, pro-abortion and anti-abortion positions hardened into pro-choice and pro-life categories in response to political pressures and compromises. This increasingly contentious back-and-forth produced the interpretation now taken for granted that Roe "was primarily a ruling on a woman s right to choose. Peering beneath the surface of social-movement struggles in the 1970s, After Roe" reveals how actors on the left and the right have today made Roe" a symbol for a spectrum of fervently held political beliefs."



A Critical Examination of Ethics in Health Care and Biomedical Research

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Richard M. Zaner
Edición: Springer, 2015
ISBN: 978-3-319-18332-9
Precio: 83,29€


This book is a critical examination of certain basic issues and themes crucial to understanding how ethics currently interfaces with health care and biomedical research. Beginning with an overview of the field, it proceeds through a delineation of such key notions as trust and uncertainty, dialogue involving talk and listening, the vulnerability of the patient against the asymmetric power of the health professional, along with professional and individual responsibility. It emphasizes several themes fundamental to ethics and health care: (1) the work of ethics requires strict focus on the specific situational understanding of each involved person. (2) Moral issues, at least those intrinsic to each clinical encounter, are presented solely within the contexts of their actual occurrence; therefore, ethics must not only be practical but empirical in its approach. (3) Each particular situation is in its own way imprecise and uncertain and the different types and dimensions of imprecision and uncertainty are critical for everyone involved. (4) Finally, medicine and health care more broadly are governed by the effort to make sense of the healer’s experiences with the patient, whose own experiences and interpretations are ingredient to what the healer seeks to understand and eventually treat. In addition to providing a way to develop ethical considerations in clinical life and research projects, the book proposes that narratives provide the finest way to state and grapple with these themes and issues, whether in classrooms or real-life situations. It concludes with a prospective analysis of newly emerging issues presented by and within the new genetics, which, together within a focus on the phenomenon of birth, leads to an clearer understanding of human life.



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