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Holocaust Education in a Global Context Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editor: Karel Fracapane and Matthias Haß. In collaboration with the Topography of Terror Foundation, Berlin
Edición: Les Editions UNESCO, 2014
ISBN: 978-92-3-100042-3
Precio: 20€


The Holocaust has become a global reference point to raise awareness about human right abuses and state violence. How do educators handle this excessively complex and emotionally loaded subject in fast-changing multicultural societies? What is the significance of education about the Holocaust in areas of the world that have no connection whatsoever with the history of the Jewish people and Nazi crimes? Are internationally relevant educational practices emerging as learning and teaching about the Holocaust is expanding?
This publication gathers the contributions of major historians and educators from all over the world and frames current debates in the field of Holocaust education and remembrance, bringing to light the reasons why it is so vital that we keep teaching the history of the Holocaust in today’s world, regardless of where we live.



Homeopatia sense embuts. Una pràctica que prospera entre miracles i miratges Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Jesús Purroy
Edición: Universitat de Barcelona, 2014
ISBN: 978-84-475-3787-7
Precio: 15€


L’homeopatia és ben present en el nostre entorn: molts metges la recomanen, les farmàcies en venen i la premsa considera que és una opció més per tractar tota mena de malalties. Moltes universitats l’ensenyen, per bé que no en els programes oficials, i la meitat dels nostres conciutadans n’han fet ús algun cop. Però és una ciència o una pseudociència? Una alternativa a la medicina tradicional o una moda passatgera?
Malgrat la gran popularitat que té l’homeopatia en la societat actual, els científics insisteixen a dir que les teories en què es basa contradiuen tot el que sabem sobre la física i la química. A més, els assajos clínics que han intentat demostrar la seva eficàcia no han aconseguit veure cap diferència significativa entre homeopatia i placebo.
Homeopatia sense embuts repassa les idees clau d’aquesta teràpia: la història, la teoria, els experiments, les contradiccions i la situació legal en què es troba a diversos països. Amb aquesta informació els lectors podran treure les seves conclusions. I segur que, tant si són usuaris ocasionals com convençuts, la lectura del llibre no els deixarà indiferents.



Hope in Health: The Socio-Politics of Optimism Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Alan Petersen
Edición:Palgrave Macmillan, 2015
ISBN:ASIN: B010O8JN6E
Precio:95$


The language of hope permeates contemporary health and healthcare. It is believed that patients who are hopeful are more likely to recover, and health professionals endeavour to 'instil' or 'manage' hope in patients. The rhetoric of hope is extensively employed in marketing medical tests, treatments and devices. Despite this focus on hope in health, sociologists and other social scientists have failed to offer a systematic analysis of the discourses of hope and related practices.

This book is the first to explore the socio-politics of hope in the contexts of health and healthcare. It highlights the significance of technological promise in contemporary conceptions of hope, making reference to examples such as stem cell treatments, medical testing, personal risk management, the use of self-tracking devices, and anti-ageing treatments and longevity research. The book concludes by arguing for scholars to take more seriously the significance of 'hope' in the contexts of health and healthcare.



Horizontes de economía ética: Aristoteles, Adam Smith, Amartya Sen Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Jesus Conill Sancho
Edición: Tecnos, 2006
ISBN:9788430943746
Precio:


Vivimos bajo el signo de un imperialismo económico, que se encarna en los procesos de globalización. Pero voces autorizadas denuncian el fracaso de “la” economía como paradigma para resolver los problemas más graves de la humanidad y exigen una transformación ética de esa vida económica. No obstante, suele considerarse que economía y ética son incompatibles, que a lo sumo la ética sirve de cosmética a la vida económica, contribuye a darle buena imagen.
¿Es acertado este modo de ver las cosas? ¿No hay más remedio que acabar con el maquiavelismo económico y empresarial? ¿O el interés por la ética expresa el comienzo de un auténtico cambio en la concepción de la economía, la empresa y los negocios?
Este libro se propone mostrar que la ética económica se ha convertido en “economía ética”. En principio, informando acerca del renovado impulso que la ética económica está teniendo en el ámbito angloamericano y en el centroeuropeo. Pero, sobre todo, mostrando cómo tanto en sus orígenes antiguos (Aristóteles) como modernos (Adam Smith) la economía surge de la matriz ética, para llegar a esa reorientación ética de la economía mundial que propone Amartya Sen, premio Nobel de economía en 1998.
Junto a todo ello, se estudian aspectos ineludibles del horizonte contemporáneo: el contexto bélico de las relaciones internacionales, el lugar de la justicia en el mercado y en los procesos de globalización, las posibilidades de la cooperación mundial y de una ética del desarrollo solidario.
Una última parte reflexiona sobre la financiación y gestión de la sanidad, imprescindible en la bioética contemporánea.



Hospice Ethics: Policy and Practice in Palliative Care Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editors: Timothy W. Kirk and Bruce Jennings
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2014
ISBN: 9780199943838
Precio:39,95€


Contains newly commissioned chapters that focus exclusively on hospice and ethics
Presents a philosophy of care that is consistent with what survey data show US patients and family members value most at the end of life
Offers recommendations and models for effective communication in care planning, decision-making, care transitions, and conflict management, as well as concerning specific interventions
Promotes clinician education and systemic improvements by describing the goals of good care for seriously ill patients and the skills, knowledge, and systems needed to support good care
Describes the social context of decision-making, helping professionals to understand how choices may be shaped by family, religion and culture, care settings, law, and financing



Hospice Ethics: Policy and Practice in Palliative Care Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editor: Timothy W. Kirk, Bruce Jennings
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2014
ISBN:978-0199944941
Precio: 91,22$


Hospice care is one of the fastest-growing segments of the U. S. healthcare system, a trend that is expected to accelerate as the median age of the population continues to rise over the next three decades. Despite over forty percent of the population now dying while on hospice care, very little has been published on the ethical opportunities and challenges experienced in the everyday lives of those giving and receiving hospice care.

This book is the first comprehensive collection devoted to analyzing distinctive ethical issues arising in the delivery of hospice care and designed to promote best ethical practices for hospice care professionals and organizations. Thirteen newly commissioned chapters by seventeen hospice experts populate three thematic sections of the book, each devoted to an aspect of the intersection between ethics and hospice care. Contributors have unique qualifications and abilities to articulate and respond to ethically significant phenomena that -- while not always unique to hospice care -- arise in especially poignant and complex ways when caring for patients enrolled in hospice.



Hospice Voices: Lessons for Living at the End of Life Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Eric Lindner
Edición: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2015
ISBN: 978-1442247895
Precio: 12,71€


As a part-time hospice volunteer, Eric Lindner provides companion care to dying strangers. They’re chatterboxes and recluses, religious and irreligious, battered by cancer, congestive heart failure, Alzheimer’s, old age. Some cling to life amazingly. Most pass as they expected.
In telling his story, Lindner reveals the thoughts, fears, and lessons of those living the ends of their lives in the care of others, having exhausted their medical options or ceased treatment for their illnesses. In each chapter, Lindner not only reveals the lessons of lives explored in their final days, but zeroes in on how working for hospice can be incredibly fulfilling.



How Are We to Live?: Ethics in an Age of Self-Interest Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Peter Singer
Edición: Prometheus Books, 1995
ISBN: 978-0879759667
Precio: 13,24 $


El problema es que la mayoría de la gente sólo tiene una vaga idea de lo que podría ser la de llevar una vida ética. Entienden la ética como un sistema de reglas que prohíben hacer las cosas. No la toman como base para pensar en cómo vamos a vivir, viven en gran medida la vida en su propio interés, no porque hayan nacido egoísta, sino porque las alternativas parecen torpes, vergonzoso, o simplemente sin sentido. No pueden ver alguna forma de hacer un impacto en el mundo , y si se puede, ¿por qué se molestarse?



How to Build a Better Human: An Ethical Blueprint Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Gregory E. Pence (Author)
Edición: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2015
ISBN: 978-1442217638
Precio:25$


Medicine has recently discovered spectacular tools for human enhancement. Yet to date, it has failed to use them well, in part because of ethical objections. Meanwhile, covert attempts flourish to enhance with steroids, mind-enhancing drugs, and cosmetic surgery—all largely unstudied scientifically. The little success to date has been sporadic and financed privately. In How to Build a Better Human, prominent bioethicist Gregory E. Pence argues that people, if we are careful and ethical, can use genetics, biotechnology, and medicine to improve ourselves, and that we should publicly study what people are doing covertly. Pence believes that we need to transcend the two common frame stories of bioethics: bioconservative alarmism and uncritical enthusiasm, and that bioethics should become part of the solution—not the problem—in making better humans.



How We Think About Dementia: Personhood, Rights, Ethics, the Arts and What They Mean for Care Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Julian C. Hugues
Edición: Jessica Kingsley,2014
ISBN: 978-1849054775
Precio: 35,74€


Exploring concepts of ageing, personhood, capacity, liberty, best interests and the nature and ethics of palliative care, this book will help those in the caring professions to understand and engage with the thoughts and arguments underpinning the experience of dementia and dementia care. Dementia is associated with ageing: what is the significance of this? People speak about person-centred care, but what is personhood and how can it be maintained? What is capacity, and how is it linked with the way a person with dementia is cared for as a human being? How should we think about the law in relation to the care of older people? Is palliative care the right approach to dementia, and if so what are the consequences of this view? What role can the arts play in ensuring quality of life for people with dementia? In answering such questions, Julian Hughes brings our attention back to the philosophical and ethical underpinnings of dementia care, shedding new light on the significance and implications for those in the caring professions, academics and researchers, and those living with dementia and their families.



Huérfanos de Sofía Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autores: Josep Maria Bech, Damián Cerezuela Frías, Ana de Lacalle, Àlex Mumbrú, Manoel Múxico, Ignacio Pajón Leyra, Francesc Perenya, Jacinto Rivera de Rosales, Begoña Román Maestre, Salas Sánchez Bennasar, José María Sánchez de León Serrano, Ramón Sánchez Ramón, Agustín Serrano de Haro.
Edición: Fórcola, 2014
ISBN: 978-84-15174-93-6
Precio: 19,50 €


¿Tiene futuro la educación sin la filosofía? ¿Sigue teniendo su lugar en la enseñanza la pregunta por la realidad y el sentido del obrar humano? La recientemente aprobada Ley Orgánica de Mejora de la Calidad Educativa (LOMCE) ningunea el valor de la filosofía. El presente libro desea inscribirse en la marea de escritos y actos públicos que, en defensa de la enseñanza de la filosofía, han incrementado exponencialmente su presencia a raíz del anuncio de esta enésima reforma educativa.

Huérfanos de Sofía propone una reflexión urgente, necesaria e ineludible, marcada por un escenario sociopolítico que, como en muchos otros candentes asuntos, exige un posicionamiento contundente e inequívoco por parte de la comunidad filosófica. Rehúye no obstante tanto el lamento autocomplaciente del sector como cualquier atisbo de una consideración meramente ideológica del valor de la filosofía. Un libro que supone, por tanto, una referencia insoslayable para cualquiera que pretenda decir alguna cosa sobre la supuesta especificidad de la pregunta filosófica, su función social y el papel a desempeñar en nuestro sistema educativo.

«Este libro, que combina diferentes registros ‒académico, divulgador, polémico, confesional, vocacional‒, constituye por sí mismo la mejor prueba del excelente estado de forma de la docencia y la investigación filosófica en España.»



Human cloning four fallacies and their legal consequences Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: MacIntosh, Kerry Lynn
Edición: Cambridge University Press, 2014
ISBN:9781107669598
Precio:25,70€


Since Dolly the sheep was born, controversy has swirled around the technology of cloning. We recoil at the prospect of human copies, manufactured men and women, nefarious impersonators and resurrections of the dead. Such reactions have serious legal consequences: lawmakers have banned stem cell research along with the cloning of babies. But what if our minds have been playing tricks on us? What if everything we thought we knew about human cloning is rooted in intuition rather than fact? Human Cloning: Four Fallacies and their Legal Consequences is a rollicking ride through science, psychology and the law. Drawing on sources ranging from science fiction films to the Congressional Record, this book unmasks the role that psychological essentialism has played in bringing about cloning bans. It explains how hidden intuitions have caused conservatives and liberals to act contrary to their own most cherished ideals and values.



Human dignity Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Charles Forster
Edición: Hart Publishing, 2011
ISBN: 9781849461771
Precio: 31 L


Dignity is often denounced as hopelessly amorphous or incurably theological: as feel-good philosophical window-dressing, or as the name given to whatever principles give you the answer that you think is right. This is wrong, says Charles Foster: dignity is not only an essential principle in bioethics and law; it is really the only principle. In this ambitious, paradigm-shattering but highly readable book, he argues that dignity is the only sustainable Theory of Everything in bioethics. For most problems in contemporary bioethics, existing principles such as autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, justice and professional probity can do a reasonably workmanlike job if they are all allowed to contribute appropriately. But these are second order principles, each of which traces its origins back to dignity. And when one gets to the frontiers of bioethics (such as human enhancement),
dignity is the only conceivable language with which to describe and analyse the strange conceptual creatures found there. Drawing on clinical, anthropological, philosophical and legal insights, Foster provides a new lexicon and grammar of that language which is essential reading for anyone wanting to travel in the outlandish territories of bioethics, and strongly recommended for anyone wanting to travel comfortably anywhere in bioethics or medical law.



Human Dignity Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: George Kateb
Edición: Harvard University Press, 2011
ISBN: 978-0-674-04837-9
Precio: 15,61 $


Dada nuestra preocupación por la dignidad humana, es extraño que ha recibido relativamente poco estudio. Aquí, George Kateb pregunta qué es la dignidad humana y por qué es importante para la reivindicación de derechos. Propone que la dignidad es un valor "existencial" que se refiere a la identidad de una persona como un ser humano. Herir o incluso para tratar de borrar la dignidad a alguien es tratar a esa persona como no humano o menos humanos -como una cosa o un instrumento o una criatura subhumana. Kateb no limita la noción de la dignidad a las personas sino que se extiende a la especie humana. La dignidad de la especie humana se basa en nuestra singularidad entre todas las demás especies. En la parte final del libro, sostiene que a pesar de los estragos que han causado en él, la naturaleza sería peor sin la humanidad. La tarea suprema de la humanidad puede ser vista como una "administración" de la naturaleza. Esta defensa secular de la dignidad humana es el primer intento de este tipo, y corona la carrera de un pensador político distinguido.



Human Dignity and the Future of Global Institutions Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editors: Mark P. Lagon and Anthony Clark Arend
Edición: Georgetown University Press, 2014
ISBN:9781626161214
Precio:32,95$


What does human dignity mean and what role should it play in guiding the mission of international institutions? In recent decades, global institutions have proliferated—from intergovernmental organizations to hybrid partnerships. The specific missions of these institutions are varied, but is there a common animating principle to inform their goals? Presented as an integrated, thematic analysis that transcends individual contributions, Human Dignity and the Future of Global Institutions argues that the concept of human dignity can serve as this principle.

Human dignity consists of the agency of individuals to apply their gifts to thrive, and requires social recognition of each person's inherent value and claim to equal access to opportunity. Contributors examine how traditional and emerging institutions are already advancing human dignity, and then identify strategies to make human dignity more central to the work of global institutions. They explore traditional state-created entities, as well as emergent, hybrid institutions and faith-based organizations. Concluding with a final section that lays out a path for a cross-cultural dialogue on human dignity, the book offers a framework to successfully achieve the transformation of global politics into service of the individual.



Human Dignity, Human Rights, and Responsibility: The New Language of Global Bioethics and Biolaw Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Michel Barilan
Edición: MIT Press, 2012
ISBN: 978-0262017978
Precio: 30,76$


“Human dignity” has been enshrined in international agreements and national constitutions as a fundamental human right. The World Medical Association calls on physicians to respect human dignity and to discharge their duties with dignity. And yet human dignity is a term--like love, hope, and justice--that is intuitively grasped but never clearly defined. Some ethicists and bioethicists dismiss it; other thinkers point to its use in the service of particular ideologies. In this book, Michael Barilan offers an urgently needed, nonideological, and thorough conceptual clarification of human dignity and human rights, relating these ideas to current issues in ethics, law, and bioethics.

Combining social history, history of ideas, moral theology, applied ethics, and political theory, Barilan tells the story of human dignity as a background moral ethos to human rights. After setting the problem in its scholarly context, he offers a hermeneutics of the formative texts on Imago Dei; provides a philosophical explication of the value of human dignity and of vulnerability; presents a comprehensive theory of human rights from a natural, humanist perspective; explores issues of moral status; and examines the value of responsibility as a link between virtue ethics and human dignity and rights.

Barilan accompanies his theoretical claim with numerous practical illustrations, linking his theory to such issues in bioethics as end-of-life care, cloning, abortion, torture, treatment of the mentally incapacitated, the right to health care, the human organ market, disability and notions of difference, and privacy, highlighting many relevant legal aspects in constitutional and humanitarian law.



Human dignity: the constitutional value and the constitutional right Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Aharon Barak
Edición: Cambridge University Press, 2015
ISBN: 9781107462069
Precio: 37,20€


Human dignity is now a central feature of many modern constitutions and international documents. As a constitutional value, human dignity involves a person's free will, autonomy, and ability to write a life story within the framework of society. As a constitutional right, it gives full expression to the value of human dignity, subject to the specific demands of constitutional architecture. This analytical study of human dignity as both a constitutional value and a constitutional right adopts a legal-interpretive perspective. It explores the sources of human dignity as a legal concept, its role in constitutional documents, its content, and its scope. The analysis is augmented by examples from comparative legal experience, including chapters devoted to the role of human dignity in American, Canadian, German, South African, and Israeli constitutional law.



Human Enhancement Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editores: Julian Savulescu, Nick Bostrom
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2015
ISBN:978-0199594962
Precio:38,70€


To what extent should we use technology to try to make better human beings? Because of the remarkable advances in biomedical science, we must now find an answer to this question. Human enhancement aims to increase human capacities above normal levels. Many forms of human enhancement are already in use. Many students and academics take cognition enhancing drugs to get a competitive edge. Some top athletes boost their performance with legal and illegal substances. Many an office worker begins each day with a dose of caffeine. This is only the beginning. As science and technology advance further, it will become increasingly possible to enhance basic human capacities to increase or modulate cognition, mood, personality, and physical performance, and to control the biological processes underlying normal aging. Some have suggested that such advances would take us beyond the bounds of human nature. These trends, and these dramatic prospects, raise profound ethical questions. They have generated intense public debate and have become a central topic of discussion within practical ethics. Should we side with bioconservatives, and forgo the use of any biomedical interventions aimed at enhancing human capacities? Should we side with transhumanists and embrace the new opportunities? Or should we perhaps plot some middle course? Human Enhancement presents the latest moves in this crucial debate: original contributions from many of the world's leading ethicists and moral thinkers, representing a wide range of perspectives, advocates and sceptics, enthusiasts and moderates. These are the arguments that will determine how humanity develops in the near future.



Human Factors in Healthcare Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Debbie Rosenorn-Lanng
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2014
ISBN:978-0-19-967060-4
Precio: 24,99€Libras


The majority of errors, litigation, and complaints in the health service are due to 'human factors', yet the term is still not widely understood and is sometimes used interchangeably to refer to team training or communication skills. Although including these, the subject of 'human factors' goes far beyond this to look at systems, environmental influences, and interactions with equipment, in addition to self-awareness and human interaction. All of these aspects are captured in Human Factors in Healthcare and are built into a new framework: the SHEEP model, which breaks down into five key areas: Systems, Human Interaction, Environment, Equipment, and Personal, providing a structured way to focus on adopting 'safety positive' behaviours.



Human Genetics: The Basics Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Ricki Lewis
Edición: Garland, 2010.
ISBN: 978-0-415-57986-5
Precio: 11,99 Libras


La genética humana ha florecido de una oscura rama de la ciencia biológica y su aplicacion en el campo de las enfermedades raras que afecta a todos. Este libro aborda conceptos básicos de la genética humana, incluyendo:

o El ancestro común de toda la humanidad

o El papel de los genes en la enfermedad y la salud

o Los debates sobre el uso de la tecnología genética

Escrito en forma narrativa de la participación, esta introducción concisa es un punto de partida ideal para cualquiera que quiera saber más sobre los genes, el ADN, así como el vínculo genético que nos unen a todos.



Human Rights 2nd Edition Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Michael Freeman
Edición: Polity, 2011
ISBN:9780745639666
Precio: 69,95€


Human Rights is an introductory text that is both innovative and challenging. It invites students to think conceptually about one of the most important and influential political concepts of our time. In this unique interdisciplinary approach, Michael Freeman emphasizes the complex ways in which the experiences of the victims of human rights violations are related to legal, philosophical and social-scientific approaches to human rights.

By tracing the history of the concept, the book shows that there is a fundamental tension between the philosophy of human rights and the way in which it is understood in the social sciences. This analysis throws light on some of the most controversial issues in the field: Is the idea of the universality of human rights consistent with respect for cultural difference? Are there collective human rights? Should feminists embrace, revise or reject the idea of human rights? Does the idea of human rights distract our attention from the structural causes of oppression and exploitation? What are the underlying causes of human rights violations; and why do some countries have much worse human rights records than others?

The book will appeal to students in the social sciences, as well as students of human rights law who want an introduction to the non-legal aspects of their subject. It will also be read by scholars interested in ethics and the social sciences, as well as the general reader. This is a substantially revised edition that takes account of recent events such as the ‘war on terror’ and the global economic crisis of 2008.



Human Rights and European Law: building new legal orders Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Mary Arden
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2015
ISBN:9780198728573
Precio: 47,93€


Senior judges and politicians increasingly question the role of the EU and the European Court of Human Rights. Some call for a reconsideration of the influence of transnational courts in the legal life of the UK, while others argue for a repeal of the Human Rights Act in favour of a British Bill of Rights. Many perceive control of law-making as moving irreversibly away from the UK and into the hands of Europe. In contested domains like national security and individual freedoms there are concerns that the British national identity is being lost. Against this backdrop of confusion, Mary Arden's voice is one of reason. A senior judge who has been at the heart of dialogue between domestic and international judges, Mary Arden is uniquely placed to discuss the impact of developments in human rights and European law. In this major new collection of her writings, Mary Arden clarifies the issues at stake with the new European legal orders. She explains the major developments in simple terms, addresses core criticisms of the EU and the ECHR, and examines the practical effects of these institutions on domestic legislation and case law. In describing the far-reaching impact of EU law and the Human Rights Act, Mary Arden gives an insider's view of key conflicts including national security versus freedom of the individual, and freedom of the press versus the individual's right to privacy. She also outlines how domestic courts have been able to draw upon the decisions of Strasbourg in the key battlefields of media freedom, data protection, and national security.



Human Rights and Public Finance Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Aoife Nolan, Rory O'Connell and Colin Harvey
Edición: Hart Publishing, 2013
ISBN: 9781841130118
Precio: 110$


This edited collection addresses some of the most important challenges in contemporary human rights law and practice. Its central theme is the linkage between public finance, particularly budget decisions, and the realisation (or not) of economic and social rights. While much academic and political debate on economic and social rights implementation has focused on the role of the courts, this work places the spotlight squarely on those organs of government that have the primary responsibility and the greatest capacity for giving effect to such rights: namely, the elected branches of government. The major actors considered in this book are politicians, public servants and civil society, with their role in realising economic and social rights the work's key focus. The book thus makes a crucial contribution to remedying the current imbalance in attention paid by economic and social rights scholars to the legislature and executive vis-a-vis the judiciary.
Featuring pioneering work by leading experts in the field of human rights and public finance, this multidisciplinary collection will be of great interest to academics, practitioners, public servants and students working in the areas of law, human rights, economics, development and political science.



Human Rights: between idealism and realism Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Tomuschat, Christian
Edición:Oxford Unversity Press, 2014
ISBN:9780199683734
Precio:53,64€


This third edition of Human Rights: Between Idealism and Realism presents human rights in action, focusing on their effectiveness as legal tools designed to benefit human beings. By combining conceptual analysis with an emphasis on procedures and mechanisms of implementation, this volume provides a multidimensional overview of human rights. After examining briefly the history of human rights, the author analyses the intellectual framework that forms the basis of their legitimacy. In particular, he covers the concept of universality and the widely used model that classifies human rights into clusters of different 'generations'. In this edition, the author brings together the fundamental aspects of human rights law, addressing human dignity as the ethical foundation of human rights, the principle of equality and non-discrimination as the essence of any culture of human rights, the protections against racial discrimination and discrimination against women, and assesses the individual as a subject of international law. The volume then moves on to assess the activities of the political institutions of the United Nations, the expert bodies established by the relevant treaties, and the international tribunals specifically entrusted at the regional level with protecting human rights. This edition also includes specific analysis of the actions mandated by the UN Security Council against Libya in 2011. It also includes greater coverage of the jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. The author explains how and why the classical array of politically inspired informal devices has been enriched by the addition of international criminal procedures and by endeavours to introduce civil suits against alleged individual violators of human rights. Finally, the volume is rounded off by a consideration of the importance of humanitarian law as an instrument for the protection of human life and dignity and an exploration of the future of human rights.



Human Rights: Questions and Answers Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Leah Levin
Edición:United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 2013
ISBN: 9789231042386
Precio: 35€


Human Rights: Questions and Answers is motivated by a strong belief in the value of human rights education. Citizens can only exercise and claim their rights — and respect and defend the rights of others — if they have sufficient knowledge of human rights norms and mechanisms for their protection. This book provides the general public with clear, concise and up-to-date information on human rights standards in an attempt to help prevent past atrocities from happening again and anticipate the emergence of new threats.

First published in 1981, Human Rights: Questions and Answers has been reedited and revised several times and translated into more than thirty languages. To mark the 20th anniversary of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights, it is hoped that this publication will keep contributing to the promotion of the principles of universality, indivisibility, interrelatedness and interdependence of all human rights which were reaffirmed at the Vienna Conference in 1993.



Human Security Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor:
Edición: Sage, 2014
ISBN:9781446270806
Precio: 675Libras

VOLUME ONE: CONCEPT AND CRITIQUE
What Is Security? Emma Rothschild
Redefining Security Jessica Tuchman Mathews
Human Security Sadako Ogata and Johan Cels
Protecting and Empowering the People
Conceptual Framework for Human Security Sabina Alkire
Global Insights Lloyd Axworthy
Human Security and Global Governance: Putting People First
Security Studies and the End of the Cold War David Baldwin
Deepening the Human Security Debate Pauline Ewan
Beyond the Politics of Conceptual Clarification
Securing Humanity Des Gasper
Situating 'Human Security' as Concept and Discourse
The Security Puzzle Helga Haftendorn
Theory-Building and Discipline-Building in International Security
Human Security Dan Henk
Relevance and Implications
Human Security Yuen Foong Khong
A Shotgun Approach to Alleviating Human Misery?
Human Security Gerd Oberlietner
A Challenge to International Law?
Editors' Note J. Peter Burgess and Taylor Owen
A Political Worldview Ramesh Thakur
A New Scientific Field and Policy Lens Lloyd Axworthy
A Concept in Need of a Global Policy Response Fen Osler Hampson
An Idea That Works in Practice Don Hubert
A Field of Overlaps and Interactions Peter Uvin
A Bridge between the Interconnected Challenges Confronting the World Caroline Thomas
Psychosocial Well-Being over Time Jennifer Leaning
An Holistic Paradigm Amitav Acharya
A Challenge to the Power over Knowledge of Traditional Security Studies Kyle Grayson
A Normatively Attractive but Analytically Weak Concept Edward Newman
A Vital Core That Must Be Treated with the Same Gravitas as Traditional Security Threats Sabina Alkire
An Expression of Threats versus Capabilities across Time and Space Kanti Bajpai
A Broad Concept That Encourages Interdisciplinary Thinking Donna Winslow and Thomas Hylland Eriksen
A Concept in Search of Relevance P.H. Liotta
A Concept Still on the Margins, but Evolving from Its Asian Roots Paul Evans
A Stalled Initiative Astri Suhrke
A Signifier of Shared Values Andrew Mack
The Key to a Powerful Agenda, if Properly Delimited Keith Krause
A Useful Concept That Risks Losing Its Political Salience S. Neil Macfarlane
A Reductionist, Idealistic Notion That Adds Little Analytical Value Barry Buzan
Still an Inscrutable Concept Roland Paris
Human Security Taylor Owen
Conflict, Critique and Consensus: Colloquium Remarks and a Proposal for a Threshold-Based Definition
Global Inequality and Human Security Amartya Sen
Global Governance, Development and Human Security Caroline Thomas
Exploring the Links
The Idea of Human Security Des Gasper
Human Security Roland Paris
Paradigm Shift or Hot Air?
New Dimensions of Human Security Human Development Report (United Nations Development Program)
Human Security and the United Nations Neil MacFarlane and Yuen Foong Khong
Human Security Mary Kaldor and Mary Martin Sabine Selchow
A New Strategic Narrative for Europe
Human Security Amitav Acharya
East versus West
VOLUME TWO: AS CRITICAL THEORY
Critical Voices and Human Security Ryerson Christie
To Endure, to Engage or to Critique?
Human Security Annick Wibben
Toward an Opening
The Tyranny of Benevolence William Bain
National Security, Human Security and the Practice of Statecraft
Girl Soldiers Mary-Jane Fox
Human Security and Gendered Insecurity
The Human and the Social Des Gasper
A Comparison of the Discourses of Human Development, Human Security and Social Quality
Gender, Resistance and Human Security Gunhild Hoogensen and Kirsti Stuvøy
Human Security as Global Security Ralph Pettman
Reconceptualizing Strategic Studies
Human Security as Power/Knowledge Kyle Grayson
The Bio-Politics of a Definitional Debate
'Doing' Security as though Humans Matter Heidi Hudson
A Feminist Perspective on Gender and the Politics of Human Security
Critical Human Security Studies Edward Newman
Human Security and the Governmentality of Neo-liberal Mobility Thanh-Dam Truong
A Feminist Perspective
Human Security, Neo-Liberalism and Corporate Social Responsibility Kyle Grayson
Sovereign Power and the Bio-Politics of Human Security Miguel De Larrinaga and Marc Doucet
The Civilized Self and the Barbaric Other Ikechi Mgbeoji
Imperial Delusions of Order and the Challenges of Human Security
Individual and Societal Dimensions of Security Pinar Bilgin
Critical Theory and Security Studies Keith Krause
The Research Programme of 'Critical Security Studies'
Globalization and Human Security Earl Conteh-Morgan
A Neo-Gramscian Perspective
Human Security and Constructivism Edward Newman
Paradigms in Conflict Mohammad Nuruzzaman
The Contested Claims of Human Security Critical Theory and Feminism
Review Essay David Chandler
Human Security: The Dog That Didn't Bark
The Critique That Doesn't Bite Taylor Owen
A Response to David Chandler's Human Security: The Dog That Didn't Bark
Power and Agency in the Human Security Framework Tara McCormack
VOLUME THREE: POLICY AND ADVOCACY
Human Security's Future in Regional Co-Operation and Governance? Melissa Curley
Securing Humans in a Dangerous World M. Duffield and N. Waddell
Japan's Foreign Policy and Human Security Bert Edström
Pulpit Diplomacy Fen Osler Hampson and Dean Oliver
A Critical Assessment of the Axworthy Doctrine
Human Security Richard Jolly and Deepayan Basu Ray
National Perspectives and Global Agendas: Insights from National Human Development Reports
The Utility of the Human Security Agenda for Policy Makers Pauline Kerr, Williem Tow and Marianne Hanson
Instituting and Projecting Human Security George MacLean
A Canadian Perspective
Much Ado about Little Janne Haaland Matlary
The European Union and Human Security
The Second Generation of Human Security Mary Martin and Taylor Owen
Lessons from the United Nations and European Union Experience
The Utility of Human Security Nicholas Thomas and William Tow
Sovereignty and Humanitarian Intervention
Humanitarianism and Human Security in a Post-9/11 World Jide Martyns Okeke
Collaborative Human Security? The United Nations and Other Actors in Cambodia Sorpong Peou
Human Security and the Interests of States Astrid Suhrke
Boomerang Effect P.H. Liotta
The Convergence of National and Human Security
Human Security in Practice David Bosold and Sascha Werthes
Canadian and Japanese Experiences
Human Security from Paradigm Shift to Operationalization Marlies Glasius
Job Description for a Human Security Worker
VOLUME FOUR: METHODOLOGIES AND TOOLS
The Idea of Human Security Kanti Bajpai
Notes on Developing a Human Security/Insecurity Index Peter Brecke
True Measures of Human Security Paz Buttedahl
Human Security during Complex Humanitarian Emergencies Lincoln Chen and Aafje Rietveld
Rapid Assessment and Institutional Capabilities
Toward Modeling Regionally Specific Human Security Using GIS Taylor Owen and O. Slaymaker
Case Study Cambodia
Human Development Index Amartya Sen and Sudhir Anand
Methodology and Measurement
Human Security Jennifer Leaning and Sam Arie
A Framework for Analysis in Settings of Crisis and Transition
Rethinking Human Security Gary King and Christopher Murray
The Index of Human Insecurity Steve Lonergan
Proposal for the Creation of a Human Security Report Harvard Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research
Data Issues in the Study of Conflict Paul Collier and Anke Hoeffler
Architecture for Early Warning at the United Nations Based on Human Security Indicators Sundara Vadlamudi
Measuring Human Security Taylor Owen
Methodological Challenges and the Importance of Geographically Referenced Determinants




Human Subjects Research after the Holocaust Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editor: Sheldon Rubenfeld, Susan Benedict
Edición: Springer, 2014
ISBN: 978-3319057019
Precio:119,44€


Human Subjects Research after the Holocaust challenges you to confront the misguided medical ethics of the Third Reich personally, and to apply the lessons learned to contemporary human subjects research. While it is comforting to believe that Nazi physicians, nurses, and bioscientists were either incompetent, mad, or few in number, they were, in fact, the best in the world at the time, and the vast majority participated in the government program of “applied biology.” They were not coerced to behave as they did—they enthusiastically exploited widely accepted eugenic theories to design horrendous medical experiments, gas chambers and euthanasia programs, which ultimately led to mass murder in the concentration camps. Americans provided financial support for their research, modeled their medical education and research after the Germans, and continued to perform unethical human subjects research even after the Nuremberg Doctors’ Trial. The German Medical Association apologized in 2012 for the behavior of its physicians during the Third Reich. By examining the medical crimes of human subjects researchers during the Third Reich, you will naturally examine your own behavior and that of your colleagues, and perhaps ask yourself "If the best physicians and bioscientists of the early 20th century could do evil while believing they were doing good, can I be certain that I will never do the same?"



Human subjects research regulation perspectives on the future Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editores: Cohen, I. Glenn, Fernandez Lynch, Holly
Edición: The MIT Press, 2014
ISBN:9780262526210
Precio: 21,43€


The current framework for the regulation of human subjects research emerged largely in reaction to the horrors of Nazi human experimentation, revealed at the Nuremburg trials, and the Tuskegee syphilis study, conducted by U.S. government researchers from 1932 to 1972. This framework, combining elements of paternalism with efforts to preserve individual autonomy, has remained fundamentally unchanged for decades. Yet, as this book documents, it has significant flaws -- including its potential to burden important research, overprotect some subjects and inadequately protect others, generate inconsistent results, and lag behind developments in how research is conducted. Invigorated by the U.S. government's first steps toward change in over twenty years, Human Subjects Research Regulation brings together the leading thinkers in this field from ethics, law, medicine, and public policy to discuss how to make the system better. The result is a collection of novel ideas -- some incremental, some radical -- for the future of research oversight and human subject protection. After reviewing the history of U.S. research regulations, the contributors consider such topics as risk-based regulation; research involving vulnerable populations (including military personnel, children, and prisoners); the relationships among subjects, investigators, sponsors, and institutional review boards; privacy, especially regarding biospecimens and tissue banking; and the possibility of fundamental paradigm shifts.



Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editores: I. Glenn Cohen and Holly Fernandez Lynch
Edición: The MIT Press, 2014
ISBN:9780262027465
Precio:33$


The current framework for the regulation of human subjects research emerged largely in reaction to the horrors of Nazi human experimentation, revealed at the Nuremburg trials, and the Tuskegee syphilis study, conducted by U.S. government researchers from 1932 to 1972. This framework, combining elements of paternalism with efforts to preserve individual autonomy, has remained fundamentally unchanged for decades. Yet, as this book documents, it has significant flaws—including its potential to burden important research, overprotect some subjects and inadequately protect others, generate inconsistent results, and lag behind developments in how research is conducted. Invigorated by the U.S. government’s first steps toward change in over twenty years, Human Subjects Research Regulation brings together the leading thinkers in this field from ethics, law, medicine, and public policy to discuss how to make the system better. The result is a collection of novel ideas—some incremental, some radical—for the future of research oversight and human subject protection.

After reviewing the history of U.S. research regulations, the contributors consider such topics as risk-based regulation; research involving vulnerable populations (including military personnel, children, and prisoners); the relationships among subjects, investigators, sponsors, and institutional review boards; privacy, especially regarding biospecimens and tissue banking; and the possibility of fundamental paradigm shifts.



Human Tissue Research: A European perspective on the ethical and legal challenges Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Christian Lenk, Nils Hoppe, Katharina Beier, Claudia Wiesemann
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2011.
ISBN: 978-0199587551
Precio: 98, 50 $


El uso de tejidos humanos para investigación médica y el progreso científico plantea muchos problemas éticos y legales. La adquisición, el almacenamiento y la transferencia de tejidos humanos con fines de investigación han planteado cuestiones importantes en los últimos años, y una serie de escándalos de alto perfil en el Reino Unido llevó a la publicación del Informe sobre Madden Post Mortem prácticas y procedimientos en los hospitales de Irlanda en 2006. Además, la investigación relacionado con el tejido tiende a ser más prometedor si las muestras y la información son compartidos a través de las fronteras nacionales, pero dada la heterogeneidad de las normas y directrices actuales en los Estados miembros de la Unión Europea aún es complicado.

Este texto de varios autores interdisciplinario, editado por cuatro investigadores con experiencia, explora muchas de las cuestiones relativas a la investigación relacionadas con el biobanco y su objetivo es dar respuestas a las preguntas más urgentes a través de la investigación ética, filosófica y jurídica.





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