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Inicio : a) Fundamentación de la bioética : 


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The Development of Bioethics in the United States Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editors: Garrett, Jeremy R., Jotterand, Fabrice, Ralston, D. Christopher
Edición: Springer, 2014
ISBN: 978-94-007-4011-2
Precio: 83,29€


Contributions from seminal, first-generation figures who were at the historical center of the development of bioethics in the United States.
Answers the question of whether we can we trace the emergence of bioethics as a field of inquiry in the United States to precise moments, events, socio-political conditions, legal cases, works of scholarship.
Connects the historical factors in the birth of bioethics to the factors that sustain and encourage its continued development today
In only four decades, bioethics has transformed from a fledgling field into a complex, rapidly expanding, multidisciplinary field of inquiry and practice. Its influence can be found not only in our intellectual and biomedical institutions, but also in almost every facet of our social, cultural, and political life. This volume maps the remarkable development of bioethics in American culture, uncovering the important historical factors that brought it into existence, analyzing its cultural, philosophical, and professional dimensions, and surveying its potential future trajectories. Bringing together a collection of original essays by seminal figures in the fields of medical ethics and bioethics, it addresses such questions as the following:



- Are there precise moments, events, socio-political conditions, legal cases, and/or works of scholarship to which we can trace the emergence of bioethics as a field of inquiry in the United States?



- What is the relationship between the historico-causal factors that gave birth to bioethics and the factors that sustain and encourage its continued development today?



- Is it possible and/or useful to view the history of bioethics in discrete periods with well-defined boundaries?



- If so, are there discernible forces that reveal why transitions occurred when they did? What are the key concepts that ultimately frame the field and how have they evolved and developed over time?


- Is the field of bioethics in a period of transformation into biopolitics?



The Development of Moral Theology Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Charles E. Curran
Edición: Georgetown University Press, 2013
ISBN: 9781626160200
Precio: 29,95€


Charles Curran in his newest book The Development of Moral Theology: Five Strands, brings a unique historical and critical analysis to the five strands that differentiate Catholic moral theology from other approaches to Christian ethics—sin and the manuals of moral theology, the teaching of Thomas Aquinas and later Thomists, natural law, the role of authoritative church teaching in moral areas, and Vatican II. Significant changes have occurred over the course of these historical developments. In addition, pluralism and diversity exist even today, as illustrated, for example, in the theory of natural law proposed by Cardinal Ratzinger. - See more at: http://press.georgetown.edu/book/georgetown/development-moral-theology?utm_source=Georgetown+University+Press+List&utm_campaign=ea19beeb3d-Curran_Moral_Theology_12_201312_11_2013&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_1d585fd2a9-ea19beeb3d-386329890#sthash.ji9nolQQ.dpuf



The Edge of Evolution: Animality, Inhumanity, and Doctor Moreau Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Ronald Edwards
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2016
ISBN: 978-0190212094
Precio: 29,95€


The book presents a re-reading of H. G. Wells' novel "The Island of Doctor Moreau" as a key to addressing the controversies of our own humanity. Ron Edwards is a broadly-experienced researcher and teacher specializing in evolutionary theory, as well as a long-time participant in animal care oversight at a leading research institution.
His careful examination in this book looks strictly at the novel's actual story to rehabilitate it from the widespread distorted version, and argues that the real story provides an outstanding means to confront human exceptionalism, a prevailing stopping-point for science and ethics. It integrates literature, history, and science; it bluntly criticizes, discloses, and advocates; and it combines accuracy with clarity, directed toward a lay audience.

Finally, the book also raises a genuinely new and relevant issue: with human exceptionalism abolished, where do ethics come from?



The End Of Science: Facing The Limits Of Knowledge In The Twilight Of The Scientific Age Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: John Horgan
Edición: Broadway Books, 2013
ISBN: 978-0553061741
Precio: 16,92$


n a series of interviews with luminaries of modern science, Scientific American senior editor John Horgan conducted a guided tour of the scientific world and where it might be headed in The End of Science. The book, which generated great controversy and became a bestseller, now appears in paperback with a new afterword by the author. Through a series of essays in which he visits with such figures as Roger Penrose, Stephen Jay Gould, Stephen Hawking, Freeman Dyson, and others, Horgan captures the distinct personalities of his subjects while investigating whether science may indeed be reaching its end. While this book is in no way dumbed down, it is accessible and can take the general reader to the outer edges of scientific exploration.



The eternal nazi from Mauthausen to Cairo, the relentless pursuit of SS doctor Aribert Heim Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Kulish, Nicholas, Mekhennet, Souad
Edición: Doubleday, 2014
ISBN:9780385532433
Precio: 24,37€


Dr. Aribert Heim worked at the Mauthausen concentration camp for only a few months in 1941 but left a devastating mark. According to the testimony of survivors, Heim euthanized patients with injections of gasoline into their hearts. He performed surgeries on otherwise healthy people. Some recalled prisoners' skulls set out on his desk to display perfect sets of teeth. Yet in the chaos of the postwar period, Heim was able to slip away from his dark past and establish himself as a reputable doctor and family man in the resort town of Baden-Baden. His story might have ended there, but for certain rare Germans who were unwilling to let Nazi war criminals go unpunished, among them a police investigator named Alfred Aedtner. After Heim fled on a tip that he was about to be arrested, Aedtner turned finding him into an overriding obsession. His quest took him across Europe and across decades, and into a close alliance with legendary Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal. The hunt for Heim became a powerful symbol of Germany's evolving attitude toward the sins of its past, which finally crested in a desire to see justice done at almost any cost.
As late as 2009, the mystery of Heim’s disappearance remained unsolved. Now, in The Eternal Nazi, Nicholas Kulish and Souad Mekhennet reveal for the first time how Aribert Heim evaded capture--living in a working-class neighborhood of Cairo, praying in Arabic, beloved by an adopted Muslim family--while inspiring a manhunt that outlived him by many years. It is a brilliant feat of historical detection that illuminates a nation’s dramatic reckoning with the crimes of the Holocaust.



The Ethics of Animal Re-creation and Modification: Reviving, Rewilding, Restoring Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editor: Markku Oksanen, Helena Siipi
Edición: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014
ISBN: 978-1137337634
Precio:87,73€


The Ethics of Animal Recreation and Modification studies philosophical and ethical issues arising from new technological possibilities to repair the loss of animal diversity. Several research groups are currently working toward re-creating extinct animals such as the woolly mammoth by the methods of modern genomic technology and of selective breeding. These projects challenge the main underlying tenet of conservation ethics: the extinction of a species is irreversible. For this reason alone, the idea of de-extinction, or reversing extinction, is troublesome. The purpose of this volume is to offer systematic philosophical and ethical analysis on animal de-extinction in the context of ecological restoration. The collection consists of an introduction, epilogue and nine new articles written by philosophers. The intended readership consists of academic philosophers, ecologists and others interested in conservation biology.



The Ethics of Bioethics. Mapping the Moral Landscape Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Lisa A. Eckenwiler, Felicia G. Cohn
Stem cell research. Drug company influence. Abortion. Contraception. Long-term and end-of-life care. Human participants research. Informed consent. The list of ethical issues in science, medicine, and public health is long and continually growing. These complex issues pose a daunting task for professionals in the expanding field of bioethics. But what of the practice of bioethics itself? What issues do ethicists and bioethicists confront in their efforts to facilitate sound moral reasoning and judgment in a variety of venues? Are those immersed in the field capable of making the right decisions? How and why do they face moral challenge—and even compromise—as ethicists? What values should guide them? In The Ethics of Bioethics, Lisa A. Eckenwiler and Felicia G. Cohn tackle these questions head on, bringing together notable medical ethicists and people outside the discipline to discuss common criticisms, the field’s inherent tensions, and efforts to assign values and assess success. Through twenty-five lively essays examining the field’s history and trends, shortcomings and strengths, and the political and policy interplay within the bioethical realm, this comprehensive book begins a much-needed critical and constructive discussion of the moral landscape of bioethics.

[Texto reproducido de la contraportada]



The Ethics of Capital Punishment A Philosophical Investigation of Evil and its Consequences Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Matthew H. Kramer
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2011
ISBN:978-0-19-964218-2
Precio: 50 Libras


Presents accessible critiques of the standard arguments advanced for the death penalty, making valuable reading for anyone studying the topic
Develops a novel justification for capital punishment that will become an essential reference point for future arguments over the practice
Debate has long been waged over the morality of capital punishment, with standard arguments in its favour being marshalled against familiar arguments that oppose the practice. In The Ethics of Capital Punishment, Matthew Kramer takes a fresh look at the philosophical arguments on which the legitimacy of the death penalty stands or falls, and he develops a novel justification of that penalty for a limited range of cases.

The book pursues both a project of critical debunking of the familiar rationales for capital punishment and a project of partial vindication. The critical part presents some accessible and engaging critiques of major arguments that have been offered in support of the death penalty. These chapters, suitable for use in teaching courses on capital punishment, valuably take issue with positions at the heart of contemporary debates over the morality of such punishment.



The Ethics of Embryo Adoption and the Catholic Tradition Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autores: Vaughan Brakman, Sarah; Fozard Weaver, Darlene (Eds.)
Edición: Springer, 2008.
ISBN: 978-1-4020-6210-0
Precio: 124.95 €


Por fin, una colección comprensiva de ensayos que examina y avanza evaluaciones éticas de la práctica polémica y cada vez más popular de la adopción del embrión. En los Estados Unidos solamente existen 400.000 embriones congelados creados para la fertilización in vitro pero ya no se desean más para este propósito. Que estamos moralmente obligados o permitidos a hacer con estos embriones “sobrantes”? Muchos de sus padres genéticos están considerando donar estos embriones a otros para su gestación y crecimiento. Esta práctica es políticamente volátil (figura en las discusiones sobre las células embrionarias) y médicamente y moralmente compleja. Actualmente dentro de la iglesia católica romana no hay una enseñanza oficial sobre la adopción del embriones.

Los análisis éticos católicos intentan resolver lo que comporta la adopción del embrión con el respecto por la vida humana. Este volumen reúne filósofos y a teólogos para ocuparse de los debates católicos sobre la adopción del embrión en un formato interactivo.



The Ethics of Health Care Rationing: An Introduction Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Greg Bognar, Iwao Hirose
Edición: Routledge, 2014
ISBN:978-0-415-52118-5
Precio: 39,95€


Should organ transplants be given to patients who have waited the longest, or need it most urgently, or those whose survival prospects are the best? The rationing of health care is universal and inevitable, taking place in poor and affluent countries, in publicly funded and private health care systems. Someone must budget for as well as dispense health care whilst aging populations severely stretch the availability of resources.

The Ethics of Health Care Rationing is a clear and much-needed introduction to this increasingly important topic, considering and assessing the major ethical problems and dilemmas about the allocation, scarcity and rationing of health care. Beginning with a helpful overview of why rationing is an ethical problem, the authors examine the following key topics:

What is the value of health? How can it be measured?
What does it mean that a treatment is "good value for money"?
What sort of distributive principles - utilitarian, egalitarian or prioritarian - should we rely on when thinking about health care rationing?
Does rationing health care unfairly discriminate against the elderly and people with disabilities?
Should patients be held responsible for their health? Why does the debate on responsibility for health lead to issues about socioeconomic status and social inequality?
Throughout the book, examples from the US, UK and other countries are used to illustrate the ethical issues at stake. Additional features such as chapter summaries, annotated further reading and discussion questions make this an ideal starting point for students new to the subject, not only in philosophy but also in closely related fields such as politics, health economics, public health, medicine, nursing and social work.



The Ethics of Need: Agency, Dignity, and Obligation Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Sarah Clark Miller
Edición: Routhledge, 2011
ISBN:978-0415882682
Precio: 108,09$


The Ethics of Need: Agency, Dignity, and Obligation argues for the philosophical importance of the notion of need and for an ethical framework through which we can determine which needs have moral significance. In the volume, Sarah Clark Miller synthesizes insights from Kantian and feminist care ethics to establish that our mutual and inevitable interdependence gives rise to a duty to care for the needs of others. Further, she argues that we are obligated not merely to meet others’ needs but to do so in a manner that expresses "dignifying care," a concept that captures how human interactions can grant or deny equal moral standing and inclusion in a moral community. She illuminates these theoretical developments by examining two cases where urgent needs require a caring and dignifying response: the needs of the elderly and the needs of global strangers. Those working in the areas of feminist theory, women’s studies, aging studies, bioethics, and global studies should find this volume of interest.



The Ethics of Plea Bargaining Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Richard L. Lippke
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2011
ISBN:978-0-19-964146-8
Precio: 60 Libras

Presents the first extended analysis of the normative arguments underlying the morality of plea bargaining
Integrates philosophical and legal materials on plea bargaining and legal punishment, situating plea bargaining within the framework of larger criminal justice practices
Draws on a comparative study of different plea bargaining practices in the US, UK, and Europe
Suggests reforms to the current plea bargaining systems, outlining the case for its continuation in a revised and restrained fashion
The practice of plea bargaining plays a hugely significant role in the adjudication of criminal charges and has provoked intense debate about its legitimacy. This book offers the first full-length philosophical analysis of the ethics of plea bargaining. It develops a sustained argument for restrained forms of the practice and against the free-wheeling versions that predominate in the United States.

In countries that have endorsed plea bargains, such as the United States, upwards of ninety percent of criminal defendants plead guilty rather than go to trial. Yet trials, which grant a presumption of innocence to defendants and place a substantial burden of proof on the state to establish guilt, are widely regarded as the most appropriate mechanisms for fairly and accurately assigning criminal sanctions. How is it that many countries have abandoned the formal rules and rigorous standards of public trials in favor of informal and veiled negotiations between state officials and criminal defendants concerning the punishment to which the latter will be subjected? More importantly, how persuasive are the myriad justifications that have been provided for plea bargaining? These are the questions addressed in this book.



The Ethics of Pregnancy, Abortion and Childbirth: Exploring Moral Choices in Childbearing Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Helen Watt
Edición: Routledge, 2015
ISBN: 978-1138188082
Precio: 140€


The Ethics of Pregnancy, Abortion and Childbirth addresses the unique moral questions raised by pregnancy and its intimate bodily nature. From assisted reproduction to abortion and ‘vital conflict’ resolution to more everyday concerns of the pregnant woman, this book argues for pregnancy as a close human relationship with the woman as guardian or custodian. Four approaches to pregnancy are explored: ‘uni-personal’, ‘neighborly’, ‘maternal’ and ‘spousal’. The author challenges not only the view that there is only one moral subject to consider in pregnancy, but also the idea that the location of the fetus lacks all inherent, unique significance. It is argued that the pregnant woman is not a mere ‘neighbor’ or helpful stranger to the fetus but is rather already in a real familial relationship bringing real familial rights and obligations. If the status of the fetus is conclusive for at least some moral questions raised by pregnancy, so too are facts about its bodily relationship with, and presence in, the woman who supports it. This lucid, accessible and original book explores fundamental ethical issues in a rich and often neglected area of philosophy in ways of interest also to those from other disciplines



The Ethics of Screening in Health Care and Medicine: Serving Society or Serving the Patient? Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Niklas Juth
Edición: Springer, 2013
ISBN:978-9400738126
Precio: 116,19€


Medical or health-oriented screening programs are amongst the most debated aspects of health care and public health practices in health care and public health ethics, as well as health policy discussions. In spite of this, most treatments of screening in the research literature restrict themselves to isolated scientific aspects, sometimes complemented by economic analyses or loose speculations regarding policy aspects. At the same time, recent advances in medical genetics and technology, as well as a rapidly growing societal focus on public health concerns, inspires an increase in suggested or recently started screening programs.

This book involves an in-depth analysis of the ethical, political and philosophical issues related to health-oriented screening programs. It explores the considerations that arise when heath care interacts with other societal institutions on a large scale, as is the case with screening: What values may be promoted or compromised by screening programs? What conflicts of values do typically arise – both internally and in relation to the goals of health care, on the one hand, and the goals of public health and the general society, on the other? What aspects of screening are relevant for determining whether it should be undertaken or not and how it should be organised in order to remain defensible? What implications does the ethics of screening have for health care ethics as a whole?



The Ethics of Sports Medicine Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Claudio Tamburrini, Torbjörn Tännsjö
Edición: Routledge, 2014
ISBN: 978-0-415-51872-7
Precio: 28 Libras


The book aims to establish a critical dialogue between sports ethicists and bioethicists across the range of sporting disciplines at elite level. It will address questions such as:

are the increasingly intrusive testing methods of elite sports compatible with the right to autonomy and privacy granted to patients in general medicine?
could there be a moral obligation to correct injustices produced by the genetic lottery?
how should the goals of sports medicine be viewed from the perspective of rationing scarce health care resources?
This book was published as a special issue in Sport, Ethics and Philosophy.



The Ethics of Suicide: Historical Sources Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Margaret Pabst Battin
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2015
ISBN: ASIN: B014OJCHYE
Precio: 39,12€


Is suicide wrong, profoundly morally wrong? Almost always wrong, but excusable in a few cases? Sometimes morally permissible? Imprudent, but not wrong? Is it sick, a matter of mental illness? Is it a private matter or a largely social one? Could it sometimes be right, or a noble duty, or even a fundamental human right? Whether it is called suicide or not, what role may a person play in the end of his or her own life? This collection of primary sources--the principal texts of ethical interest from major writers in western and nonwestern cultures, from the principal religious traditions, and from oral cultures where observer reports of traditional practices are available, spanning Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Oceania, the Arctic, and North and South America--facilitates exploration of many controversial practical issues: physician-assisted suicide or aid-in-dying; suicide in social or political protest; self-sacrifice and martyrdom; suicides of honor or loyalty; religious and ritual practices that lead to death, including sati or widow-burning, hara-kiri, and sallekhana, or fasting unto death; and suicide bombings, kamikaze missions, jihad, and other tactical and military suicides. This collection has no interest in taking sides in controversies about the ethics of suicide; rather, rather, it serves to expand the character of these debates, by showing them to be multi-dimensional, a complex and vital part of human ethical thought.



The ethics of the new eugenics Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editors: Calum MacKellar and Christopher Bechtel
Edición:Bergham, 2014
ISBN:978-1-78238-120-4
Precio: 95$

Strategies or decisions aimed at affecting, in a manner considered to be positive, the genetic heritage of a child in the context of human reproduction are increasingly being accepted in contemporary society. As a result, unnerving similarities between earlier selection ideology so central to the discredited eugenic regimes of the 20th century and those now on offer suggest that a new era of eugenics has dawned. The time is ripe, therefore, for considering and evaluating from an ethical perspective both current and future selection practices. This inter-disciplinary volume blends research from embryology, genetics, philosophy, sociology, psychology, and history. In so doing, it constructs a thorough picture of the procedures emerging from today’s reproductive developments, including a rigorous ethical argumentation concerning the possible advantages and risks related to the new eugenics.



The Ethics of War and Peace Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Terry Nardin
Edición: Princenton University Press, 1998
ISBN:978-0691058405
Precio: 26,42€


A superb introduction to the ethical aspects of war and peace, this collection of tightly integrated essays explores the reasons for waging war and for fighting with restraint as formulated in a diversity of ethical traditions, religious and secular. Beginning with the classic debate between political realism and natural law, this book seeks to expand the conversation by bringing in the voices of Judaism, Islam, Christian pacifism, and contemporary feminism. In so doing, it addresses a set of questions: How do the adherents to each viewpoint understand the ideas of war and peace? What attitudes toward war and peace are reflected in these understandings? What grounds for war, if any, are recognized within each perspective? What constraints apply to the conduct of war? Can these constraints be set aside in situations of extremity? Each contributor responds to this set of questions on behalf of the ethical perspective he or she is presenting. The concluding chapters compare and contrast the perspectives presented without seeking to adjudicate their differences. Because of its inclusive, objective, comparative, and dialogic approach, the book serves as a valuable resource for scholars, journalists, policymakers, and anyone else who wants to acquire a better understanding of the range of moral viewpoints that shape current discussion of war and peace. In addition to the editor, the contributors are Joseph Boyle, Michael G. Cartwright, Jean Bethke Elshtain, John Finnis, Sohail H. Hashmi, Theodore J. Koontz, David R. Mapel, Jeff McMahan, Richard B. Miller, Aviezer Ravitzky, Bassam Tibi, Sarah Tobias, and Michael Walzer.



The Ethics Police?: The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Robert Klitzman
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-0199364602
Precio: 32,53€


Research on human beings saves countless lives, but has at times harmed the participants. To what degree then should government regulate science, and how? The horrors of Nazi concentration camp experiments and the egregious Tuskegee syphilis study led the US government, in 1974, to establish Research Ethics Committees, known as Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to oversee research on humans. The US now has over 4,000 IRBs, which examine yearly tens of billions of dollars of research -- all studies on people involving diseases, from cancer to autism, and behavior. Yet ethical violations persist.

At the same time, critics have increasingly attacked these committees for delaying or blocking important studies. Partly, science is changing, and the current system has not kept up. Since the regulations were first conceived 40 years ago, research has burgeoned 30-fold. Studies often now include not a single university, but multiple institutions, and 40 separate IRBs thus need to approve a single project. One committee might approve a study quickly, while others require major changes, altering the scientific design, and making the comparison of data between sites difficult.

Crucial dilemmas thus emerge of whether the current system should be changed, and if so, how. Yet we must first understand the status quo to know how to improve it. Unfortunately, these committees operate behind closed doors, and have received relatively little in-depth investigation. Robert Klitzman thus interviewed 45 IRB leaders and members about how they make decisions. What he heard consistently surprised him.

This book reveals what Klitzman learned, providing rare glimpses into the conflicts and complexities these individuals face, defining science, assessing possible future risks and benefits of studies, and deciding how much to trust researchers -- illuminating, more broadly, how we view and interpret ethics in our lives today, and perceive and use power.



The Ethics Police?: The Struggle to Make Human Research Safe Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Robert Klitzman
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-0-19-936460-2
Precio:22,99 Libras



Investigates the hidden world of IRBs as they face increasing pressures, responsibilities and criticism from many sides
Examines issues, offers data, and provides insights that have never been presented in a book before concerning the inside world of IRBs: how they make decisions and view the controversies they now face
Explores how the potential future risks vs. benefits of studies actually get weighed, what complexities and ambiguities arise, and how these are dealt with
Discusses how the quality of science in studies is assessed and weighed in relation to ethics, how conflicts of interest play out in science and ethics, and how government agencies, researchers, and universities all affect the ethical reviews of studies
Research on human beings saves countless lives, but has at times harmed the participants. To what degree then should government regulate science, and how? The horrors of Nazi concentration camp experiments and the egregious Tuskegee syphilis study led the US government, in 1974, to establish Research Ethics Committees, known as Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to oversee research on humans. The US now has over 4,000 IRBs, which examine yearly tens of billions of dollars of research — all studies on people involving diseases, from cancer to autism, and behavior. Yet ethical violations persist.

At the same time, critics have increasingly attacked these committees for delaying or blocking important studies. Partly, science is changing, and the current system has not kept up. Since the regulations were first conceived 40 years ago, research has burgeoned 30-fold. Studies often now include not a single university, but multiple institutions, and 40 separate IRBs thus need to approve a single project. One committee might approve a study quickly, while others require major changes, altering the scientific design, and making the comparison of data between sites difficult.

Crucial dilemmas thus emerge of whether the current system should be changed, and if so, how. Yet we must first understand the status quo to know how to improve it. Unfortunately, these committees operate behind closed doors, and have received relatively little in-depth investigation. Robert Klitzman thus interviewed 45 IRB leaders and members about how they make decisions. What he heard consistently surprised him.

This book reveals what Klitzman learned, providing rare glimpses into the conflicts and complexities these individuals face, defining science, assessing possible future risks and benefits of studies, and deciding how much to trust researchers — illuminating, more broadly, how we view and interpret ethics in our lives today, and perceive and use power.

These committees reflect many of the most vital tensions of our time - concerning science and human values, individual freedom, government control, and industry greed. Ultimately, as patients, scientists, or subjects, the decisions of these men and women affect us all.
Readership: a) The General public: This book explores several major issues of general interest, drawing on scandals in the media and crucial issues of our time concerning conflicts between health, science, industry, money, government, and individual rights. The decisions affect us all - whether as patients, family members, co-workers, friends, or voters. b) Health care providers and students: physicians (including internists, oncologists, ob/gyns, pediatricians, neurologists, psychiatrists), researchers, nurses, genetic counselors, psychologists, social workers, physician's assistants, etc. c) Anyone involved in science: researchers, research subjects, funders, patients with diseases being researched, scholars and educators interested in freedom of intellectual inquiry; social scientists who frequently abhor IRBs. d) Hospital and health care management and administrators e) Other fields: · Law · Policy · Sociology (e.g., all sociologists conducting research in any area, sociology of science medical sociology, organizational sociology, sociology of work) · Government/policy makers (e.g., government affairs, government agencies, political science) · Anthropology (e.g., anthropologists conducting research in any area, anthropology of science medical anthropology) · Psychology (e.g., clinical psychology, health psychology, decision-making) · History (e.g., oral history, history and philosophy of science,) · Journalism · University/higher education · Ethics (e.g., narrative medicine, doctor-patient relationships and relationships, professionalism) · Research ethics (e.g., pharmacology, biotechnology, animal ethics committees) · Business school /management organizational (e.g., risk management, compliance) · Non-fiction writing



The Ethos of Medicine in Postmodern America: Philosophical, Cultural, and Social Considerations Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Arnold R. Eiser
Edición: Lexington Books, 2013
ISBN:978-0739181805
Precio: 76$


Has postmodern American culture so altered the terrain of medical care that moral confusion and deflated morale multiply faster than both technological advancements and ethical resolutions? The Ethos of Medicine in Postmodern America is an attempt to examine this question with reference to the cultural touchstones of our postmodern era: consumerism, computerization, corporatization, and destruction of meta-narratives. The cultural insights of postmodern thinkers—such as such as Foucault, Deleuze and Guattari, Lyotard, Baudrillard, Bauman, and Levinas—help elucidate the changes in healthcare delivery that are occurring early in the twenty-first century. Although only Foucault among this group actually focused his critique on medical care itself, their combined analysis provides a valuable perspective for gaining understanding of contemporary changes in healthcare delivery. It is often difficult to envision what is happening in the psychosocial, cultural dynamic of an epoch as you experience it. Therefore it is useful to have a technique for refracting those observations through the lens of another system of thought. The prism of postmodern thought offers such a device with which to “view the eclipse” of changing medical practice.

Any professional practice is always thoroughly embedded in the social and cultural matrix of its society, and the medical profession in America is no exception. In drawing upon of the insights of key Continental thinkers such and American scholars, this book does not necessarily endorse the views of postmodernism but trusts that much can be learned from their insight. Furthermore, its analysis is informed by empirical information from health services research and the sociology of medicine. Arnold R. Eiser develops a new understanding of healthcare delivery in the twenty-first century and suggests positive developments that might be nurtured to avoid the barren “Silicon Cage” of corporate, bureaucratized medical practice.



The European Convention for the protection of Human Rights and Fundamental a commentary Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Grabenwarter, Christopf
Edición:Hart Publishing, 2014
ISBN:9781849461917
Precio:279,44€


The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) entered into force on 3 September 1953 with binding effect on all Member States of the Council of Europe. It grants the people of Europe a number of fundamental rights and freedoms (right to life, prohibition of torture, prohibition of slavery and forced labour, right to liberty and security, right to a fair trial, no punishment without law, right to respect for private and family life, freedom of thought, conscience and religion, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and association, right to marry, right to an effective remedy, prohibition of discrimination) plus some more by additional protocols to the Convention (Protocols 1 (ETS No. 009), 4 (ETS No. 046), 6 (ETS No. 114), 7 (ETS No. 117), 12 (ETS No. 177) and 13 (ETS No. 187)). Any person who feels his or her rights under the ECHR have been violated by the authorities of one of the Member States can bring a case to the European Court of Human Rights, established under the Convention. The States are bound by the Court's decisions. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe make sure that the decisions are properly executed. Today the Court receives thousands of petitions annually, demonstrating the immense impact of the Convention and the Strasbourg Court. Professor Grabenwarter's Commentary deals with the Convention systematically, article-by-article, considering the development and scope of each article, together with the relevant case-law and literature.



The European Convention on Human Rights a commentary Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Schabas, William A
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2015
ISBN: 9780199594061
Precio:228,07€


The European Convention on Human Rights: A Commentary is the first complete article-by-article commentary on the ECHR and its Protocols in English. This book provides an entry point for every part of the Convention: the substance of the rights, the workings of the Court, and the enforcement of its judgments. A separate chapter is devoted to each distinct provision or article of the Convention as well as to Protocols 1, 4, 6, 7, 12, 13, and 16, which have not been incorporated in the Convention itself and remain applicable to present law. Each chapter contains: a short introduction placing the provision within the context of international human rights law more generally; a review of the drafting history or preparatory work of the provision; a discussion of the interpretation of the text and the legal issues, with references to the case law of the European Court of Human Rights and the European Commission on Human Rights; and a selective bibliography on the provision. Through a thorough review of the ECHR this commentary is both exhaustive and concise. It is an accessible resource that is ideal for lawyers, students, journalists, and others with an interest in the world's most successful human rights regime.



The Expanding Circle: Ethics, Evolution, and Moral Progress Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Peter Singer
Edición: Princenton University Press, 2011
ISBN: 978-0691150697
Precio: 9,82€


What is ethics? Where do moral standards come from? Are they based on emotions, reason, or some innate sense of right and wrong? For many scientists, the key lies entirely in biology--especially in Darwinian theories of evolution and self-preservation. But if evolution is a struggle for survival, why are we still capable of altruism?

In his classic study The Expanding Circle, Peter Singer argues that altruism began as a genetically based drive to protect one's kin and community members but has developed into a consciously chosen ethic with an expanding circle of moral concern. Drawing on philosophy and evolutionary psychology, he demonstrates that human ethics cannot be explained by biology alone. Rather, it is our capacity for reasoning that makes moral progress possible. In a new afterword, Singer takes stock of his argument in light of recent research on the evolution of morality.



The Experiment Must Continue: Medical Research and Ethics in East Africa, 1940–2014 Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Melissa Graboyes
Edición:Ohio University Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-0821421734
Precio: 27,26€


The Experiment Must Continue is a beautifully articulated ethnographic history of medical experimentation in East Africa from 1940 through 2014. In it, Melissa Graboyes combines her training in public health and in history to treat her subject with the dual sensitivities of a medical ethicist and a fine historian. She breathes life into the fascinating histories of research on human subjects, elucidating the hopes of the interventionists and the experiences of the putative beneficiaries.

Historical case studies highlight failed attempts to eliminate tropical diseases, while modern examples delve into ongoing malaria and HIV/AIDS research. Collectively, these show how East Africans have perceived research differently than researchers do and that the active participation of subjects led to the creation of a hybrid ethical form.

By writing an ethnography of the past and a history of the present, Graboyes casts medical experimentation in a new light, and makes the resounding case that we must readjust our dominant ideas of consent, participation, and exploitation. With global implications, this lively book is as relevant for scholars as it is for anyone invested in the place of medicine in society.



The Fantastic Laboratory of Dr. Weigl: How Two Brave Scientists Battled Typhus and Sabotaged the Naz Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Arthur Allen
Edición: W. W. Norton & Company,2014
ISBN: 978-0393081015
Precio: 17,04€


From a laboratory in wartime Poland comes a fascinating story of anti-Nazi resistance and scientific ingenuity.

Few diseases are more gruesome than typhus. Transmitted by body lice, it afflicts the dispossessed—refugees, soldiers, and ghettoized peoples—causing hallucinations, terrible headaches, boiling fever, and often death. The disease plagued the German army on the Eastern Front and left the Reich desperate for a vaccine. For this they turned to the brilliant and eccentric Polish zoologist Rudolf Weigl.
In the 1920s, Weigl had created the first typhus vaccine using a method as bold as it was dangerous for its use of living human subjects. The astonishing success of Weigl’s techniques attracted the attention and admiration of the world—giving him cover during the Nazi’s violent occupation of Lviv. His lab soon flourished as a hotbed of resistance. Weigl hired otherwise doomed mathematicians, writers, doctors, and other thinkers, protecting them from atrocity. The team engaged in a sabotage campaign by sending illegal doses of the vaccine into the Polish ghettos while shipping gallons of the weakened serum to the Wehrmacht.



The Female Body : A journey through Law, Culture and Medicine Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Thérèse Callus, Brigitte Feuillet – Liger, Kristina Orfali
Edición: Bruylant, 2013
ISBN:9782802745037
Precio: 60€


Object of fascination and fantasy, the female body can be idealized, reified or shrouded. “It is we who make women what they are worth and that is why they are worthless”, proclaimed Mirabeau in the days of the Enlightenment, to which Aragon later replied: “Woman is the future of Man”. The ambiguities of the female body are therein exposed.

This work examines the relationship between the female body and biomedicine. Many possibilities are offered to women through biomedical techniques: from assistance to procreate (with assisted reproduction) to refusal to do so (contraception, voluntary sterilization, termination of pregnancy); to be informed of genetic predispositions (through the use of available genetic tests); or to improve their physical appearance with cosmetic surgery. But a recurrent question arises: with its rapid progress and its extreme medicalization of the body, can biomedicine liberate women? Or rather, given the risks of the commodification of the body or its parts, is it not a source of exploitation ?

The authors of this work, jurists, anthropologists, philosophers, sociologists and doctors, have explored these questions. The contributions from nineteen countries in this international multidisciplinary study analyse the reality of the amazing developments of biomedicine on the female body. Numerous systems are compared for the first time; European, African, North and South American, but also Chinese and Japanese. Beyond highlighting differences, and identifying similarities in the development of “enhancement medicine”, the objective of this work is ultimately to show the complexity surrounding the question of a woman’s freedom over her body and the extent to which this is limited by the State.



The future of bioethics Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Howard Brody
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2009
ISBN:978-0195377941
Precio: 44,85 €


Bioethics, born in the 1960s and 1970s, has achieved great success, but also has experienced recent growing pains, as illustrated by the case of Terri Schiavo. In The Future of Bioethics, Howard Brody, a physician and scholar who dates his entry into the field in 1972, sifts through the various issues that bioethics is now addressing--and some that it is largely ignoring--to chart a course for the future. Traditional bioethical concerns such as medical care at the end of life and research on human subjects will continue to demand attention. Brody chooses to focus instead on less obvious issues that will promise to stimulate new ways of thinking. He argues for a bioethics grounded in interdisciplinary medical humanities, including literature, history, religion, and the social sciences.

Drawing on his previous work, Brody argues that most of the issues concerned involve power disparities. Bioethics' response ought to combine new concepts that take power relationships seriously, with new practical activities that give those now lacking power a greater voice. A chapter on community dialogue outlines a role for the general public in bioethics deliberations. Lessons about power initially learned from feminist bioethics need to be expanded into new areas--cross cultural, racial and ethnic, and global and environmental issues, as well as the concerns of persons with disabilities. Bioethics has neglected important ethical controversies that are most often discussed in primary care, such as patient-centered care, evidence-based medicine, and pay-for-performance.

Brody concludes by considering the tension between bioethics as contemplative scholarship and bioethics as activism. He urges a more activist approach, insisting that activism need not cause a premature end to ongoing conversations among bioethicists defending widely divergent views and thcories.



The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editor: Akira Akabayashi
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2014
ISBN: 978-0-19-968267-6
Precio: 80L


Akira Akabayashi presents the first book to explore the conversation on bioethics that is taking place between scholars and practitioners from the East and West: the first book in the discipline of bioethics for the globalized world of the future. An international team of experts address emerging issues in bioethics, focus on new developments and their potential for change, and set the agenda for the future.

Most studies in bioethics advocating East-West dialogue have either attempted cross-cultural comparisons or have proposed Eastern philosophical paradigms to counter Western ideas. The tacit premise of previous work on the East-West dialogue is therefore a strain of relativism. Simply maintaining a respectful distance from other cultures is no longer sufficient in this era of globalization. The time has come for active engagement among different cultural perspectives. The Future of Bioethics initiates discussion on bioethical issues that arise from new medical technologies such as regenerative medicine, enhancement, research ethics, and synthetic biology, and goes on to address challenging dilemmas that result from the globalization of social change, such as transplantation tourism, public health ethics, care in the aging society, and professionalism.



The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues Popular

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Valoración:0.00 (0 votos)

Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Akira Akabayashi
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2013
ISBN:978-0199682676
Precio: 140,68$


Akira Akabayashi presents the first book to explore the conversation on bioethics that is taking place between scholars and practitioners from the East and West: the first book in the discipline of bioethics for the globalized world of the future. An international team of experts address emerging issues in bioethics, focus on new developments and their potential for change, and set the agenda for the future.

Most studies in bioethics advocating East-West dialogue have either attempted cross-cultural comparisons or have proposed Eastern philosophical paradigms to counter Western ideas. The tacit premise of previous work on the East-West dialogue is therefore a strain of relativism. Simply maintaining a respectful distance from other cultures is no longer sufficient in this era of globalization. The time has come for active engagement among different cultural perspectives. The Future of Bioethics initiates discussion on bioethical issues that arise from new medical technologies such as regenerative medicine, enhancement, research ethics, and synthetic biology, and goes on to address challenging dilemmas that result from the globalization of social change, such as transplantation tourism, public health ethics, care in the aging society, and professionalism. The volume presents original work by leading researchers in the field, alongside that of promising new scholars; as such, it establishes not only a cross-cultural dialogue, but dialogue between researchers of different generations.





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