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Inicio : a) Fundamentación de la bioética : 


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The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Bonnie Steinbock
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2009
ISBN:978-0199562411
Precio: 45,52$


Bonnie Steinbock presents The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics --an authoritative, state-of-the-art guide to current issues in bioethics.

Thirty-four contributors reflect the interdisciplinarity that is characteristic of bioethics, and its increasingly international character. Thirty topics are covered in original essays written by some of the world's leading figures in the field, as well as by some newer "up-and-comers." The essays address both perennial issues, such as the methodology of bioethics, autonomy, justice, death, and moral status, and newer issues, such as biobanking, stem cell research, cloning, pharmacogenomics, and bioterrorism. Other topics concern mental illness and moral agency, the rule of double effect, justice and the elderly, the definition of death, organ transplantation, feminist approaches to commodification of the body, life extension, advance directives, physician-assisted death, abortion, genetic research, population screening, enhancement, research ethics, and the implications of public and global health for bioethics.



The Oxford Handbook of Psychiatric Ethics Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editor: John Z. Sadler, Werdie (C.W.) Van Staden, and K.W.M. (Bill) Fulford
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-0-19-966388-0
Precio: 175 Libras


The most comprehensive and exhaustive review of psychiatric ethics ever published, making it a landmark publication in the psychiatric literature
Presents global coverage of the topic, ensuring the book is relevant in all markets across the world
Includes chapters by some of the most distinguished figures in psychiatry and philosophy
Psychiatrists have written much about the explosive expansion of scientific knowledge of the brain which developed over the late 20th century and the early 21st century. Comparatively little has been written within the field of psychiatry about the changes in society and world culture over this same period, and even less on the scope of psychiatric ethics that would account for these changes. Yet psychiatric ethics is an excellent framework in which to examine social changes in the field over the past 25 years, changes which are dramatic in nature and profound in impact.

Some of these social changes include multiculturalism and its associated diversity of values; the transition to the digital era with its new demands on confidentiality, clinical boundaries, and privacy; the empowerment of psychiatric service users as full participants and co-producers of care; the development of new technologies of assessment and treatment, varying in their invasiveness and risk; the recognition of expanded social roles for psychiatrists, and the associated virtues of psychiatric citizenship; and the development of new practice models, settings, participants, and oversight, all of which represent profound challenges and opportunities for the ethical practice of psychiatry.

The Oxford Handbook of Psychiatric Ethics is the most comprehensive treatment of the field in history. The volume is organized into ten sections which survey the scope of the text: (1) Introduction, (2) People Come First, (3) Specific Populations, (4) Philosophy and Psychiatric Ethics, (5) Religious Contexts of Psychiatric Ethics, (6) Social Contexts of Psychiatric Ethics, (7) Ethics in Psychiatric Citizenship and the Law, (8) Ethics of Psychiatric Research, (9) Ethics and Values in Psychiatric Assessment and Diagnosis, (10) Ethics and Values in Psychiatric Treatment.

Written and edited by an international team of experts, this landmark book provides a powerful and important review of psychiatric ethics in the 21st Century.
Readership: Psychiatrists, mental health clinicians, psychiatric service users and carers, policymakers, philosophers and social scientists.



The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autores: Margaret P Battin, Leslie P Francis, Jay A Jacobson, Charles B Smith
Edición: Oxford University Press,2008
ISBN: 978-0195335835
Precio: 38 €


Bioethics emerged at a time when infectious diseases were not a major concern. Thus bioethics never had to develop a normative framework sensitive to situations of disease transmission. The Patient as Victim and Vector explores how traditional and new issues in clinical medicine, research, public health, and health policy might look different in infectious disease were treated as central. The authors argue that both practice and policy must recognize that a patient with a communicable infectious disease is not only a victim of that disease, but also a potential vector- someone who may transmit an illness that will sicken or kill others. Bioethics has failed to see one part of this duality, they document, and public health the other: that the patient is both victim and vector at one and the same time.

The Patient as Victim and Vector is jointly written by four authors at the University of Utah with expertise in bioethics, health law, and both clinical practice and public health policy concerning infectious disease. Part I shows how the patient-centered ethic that was developed by bioethics- especially the concept of autonomy- needs to change in the context of public health, and Part II develops a normative theory for doing so. Part III examines traditional and new issues involving infectious disease: the ethics of quarantine and isolation, research, disease screening, rapid testing, antibiotic use, and immunization, in contexts like multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis, syphilis, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and HPV. Part IV, beginning with a controversial thought experiment, considers constraint in the control of infectious disease, include pandemics, and Part V 'thinks big' about the global scope of infectious disease and efforts to prevent, treat, or eradicate it.

This volume should have a major impact in the fields of bioethics and public health ethics. It will also interest philosophers, lawyers, health law experts, physicians, and policy makers, as well as those concerned with global health.



The Patient Paradox Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor:Margaret McCartney
Edición: Pinter & Martin Ltd.,2012
ISBN: 978-1780660004
Precio: 8,19 Libras


Bienvenidos al mundo de la medicina "excitante", donde los pacientes se han convertido en clientes, y las clínicas y salas de espera están abarrotadas de gente sana, encantados de tomarse la presión arterial, hacerse análisis de colesterol, de orina o pruebas para el estómago o el pecho.

En el mundo de las "excitantes" compañías farmacéuticas estas pasan por alto la investigación que no les gusta y las obras de caridad utilizando a menudo ciencia dudosa y poco fiables relacciones públicas para 'crear conciencia' de enfermedad, dejando un legado de la desinformación a su paso. Nuestra obsesión con las pruebas diagnósticas devora el tiempo del personal sanitario y el dinero de las personas sanas que pagan enormes sumas a empresas privadas para pruebas de que no necesitan. Mientras tanto, los realmente enfermos han de conformarse con servicios sanitarios inconexos y opciones confusas.

Explicando la verdad que se esconde detrás de las estadísticas e investigación la evidencia científica detrás de la publicidad, Margaret McCartney, escritora reputada y médico, argumenta que la paradoja del paciente -muchas pruebas diagnósticas para los realmente enfermos y pocas para los sanos- empeora las desigualdades de salud y desrvirtúa la profesionalidad médica, perjudicando tanto a los que necesitan tratamiento y como a los que no.



The Patient's Wish to Die Research, Ethics, and Palliative Care Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editor: Christoph Rehmann-Sutter, Heike Gudat, and Kathrin Ohnsorge
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-0-19-871398-2
Precio:29,99 Libras


Wish to die statements are becoming a frequent phenomenon in terminally ill patients. Those confronted by these statments need to understand the complexity of such wishes, so they can respond competently and compassionately to the requests. If misunderstood, the statements can be taken at face-value and the practitioner may not recognise that a patient is in fact experiencing ambivalent feelings at the end of life, or they may misinterpret the expressed wish to die as a sign of clinical depression.

Public debate about the morality and ethics of various end-of-life care options has exploded in recent years. However, it has never been sensitive to the finer aspects of clinical reality or the experiences of patients. <i>The Patient's Wish to Die: Research, Ethics, and Palliative Care</i> brings together that reality and the patient's voice, combining them with different research approaches. It presents the best available knowledge and research methodologies about patients' wishes at the end-of-life, together with a series of ethical views and a discussion about the clinical implications for palliative care. The book presents material in an open and unbiased manner whilst remaining sensitive to the spiritual and existential dimensions of dying, and to the different cultural views that provide meaning to the individual.

Written by the best specialists and ethics scholars from around the world, including palliative care practitioners and end-of-life scholars from countries where assisted dying practices are legalized and from those where it isn't, <i>The The Patient's Wish to Die: Research, Ethics, and Palliative Care</i> will prove essential reading for all those working or studying in the field of palliative care.
Readership: This book will be of interest to academics and clinicians interested in medical ethics, palliative care, and end-of-life care.



The Penn Center Guide to Bioethics Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editor: Vardit Ravitsky, Autumn Fiester, Arthur L. Caplan
Edición: Penn Center, 2009
ISBN: 9780826115225
Precio: 65 $


"This most noteworthy and authoritative collection of 67 essays...represents 'the Penn way of doing bioethics' ....The Penn Center is widely known for multidisciplinary scholarship that emphasizes empirical inquiry on bioethical issues coupled with practical application(s)....The book provides excellent coverage of...both classical topics (e.g., informed consent, infertility, eugenics) and emerging issues (e.g., cloning, nonprofessional caregiving, privacy of thought in the age of brain imaging). The contributors, including the three editors, are either well-established or emerging scholars. Each essay offers historical background, an overview of relevant issues, a conclusion, and a list of references....Summing Up: Highly recommended."



The Philosophy of Cognitive Science Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Mark J. Cain
Edición: Polity, 2015
ISBN: 978-0745646565
Precio: 19,95$


In recent decades cognitive science has revolutionised our understanding of the workings of the human mind. Philosophy has made a major contribution to cognitive science and has itself been hugely influenced by its development. This dynamic book explores the philosophical significance of cognitive science and examines the central debates that have enlivened its history.

In a wide-ranging and comprehensive account of the topic, philosopher M.J. Cain discusses the historical origins of cognitive science and its philosophical underpinnings; the nature and role of representations in cognition; the architecture of the mind and the modularity thesis; the nature of concepts; knowledge of language and its acquisition; perception; and the relationship between the brain and cognition.



The Philosophy of Free Will. Essential Readings from the Contemporary Debates Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editores: Paul Russell and Oisin Deery
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2013
ISBN:978-0-19-973339-2
Precio: 27,50 Libras


Contains the key and most indispensible contributions to the contemporary free will debate
Includes several important new contributions which have not been previously published
Structured and arranged in a format that makes it especially suitable and effective as a course text for upper level undergraduate or graduate classes
Contains suggested readings for each core topics and section, as well as a Guide to Further Reading
Includes contributions from leading figures in the field, as well as younger philosophers who are already making influential contributions
Fills a significant gap in the current market by bringing together contributions from a wide range of topics and issues, many of which have been overlooked or ignored in other anthologies and collections
Concerns problems and issues relating to human agency and moral responsibility which should be of interest to a wide audience
The problem of free will is one of the great perennial issues of philosophy and has been discussed and debated over many centuries. The issues that arise in this sphere cover both metaphysics and morals and concern matters of central importance not only for philosophy but also for law, theology, psychology and the social sciences. What is at stake here is nothing less than our self-image as responsible moral agents who are in control of our own destiny and fate. The investigations and findings of modern science are judged by many to put skeptical pressure on this self-image and may challenge its credibility. During the past few decades the free will controversy has developed and evolved in exciting and significant ways. All the major parties involved in this debate have had to revise and amend their core positions with a view to responding to the sophisticated and searching arguments put forward by their critics and opponents.

The papers collected in this volume represent the most essential and indispensible contributions to the contemporary debate. The specific topics covered include: moral luck, skepticism and naturalism, the consequence argument, alternate possibilities, libertarian metaphysics, compatibilism and reason-responsive theories, illusionism and revisionism, optimism and pessimism, and the phenomenology of agency, as well as contributions relating to neuroscience and experimental philosophy. The collection is arranged in a way that presents the topics covered in a structured and organized manner. The general aim is to provide an effective guide for students and readers who are new to the field, as well as a useful collection for those who are already familiar with the topics and contributions. The contributors include many of the leading and most distinguished figures in the field, along with a number of younger scholars who have already had an impact and produced significant work.
Readership: Upper-level students and scholars with an interest in free agency and moral responsibility (which may include those with interests in philosophy, psychology, law, religion/theology, etc.). Perfect for adoption for courses on free will and as a resource for scholars looking for the best contemporary scholarship on the topic.



The Philosophy of Medicine Reborn: A Pellegrino Reader Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Edmund D. Pellegrino
Edición: University of Notre Dame Press, 2008
ISBN: 978-0268038342
Precio: 37 €



Edmund Pellegrino ha jugado un papel central en la conformación de los campos de la bioética y la filosofía de la medicina. Sus escritos abarcan exploraciones originales de la relación de la curación, la necesidad de poner el humanismo en el currículo médico, la naturaleza de los pacientes, y la importancia de una ética normativa basada en la virtud para el cuidado de la salud.

En esta antología, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., y Jotterand Fabrice han creado una rica presentación del pensamiento de Pellegrino y su desarrollo. El trabajo de Pellegrino ha sido dedicado a mostrar que la bioética debe ser entendida en el contexto de las humanidades médicas, y que las humanidades médicas, a su vez, debe entenderse en el contexto de la filosofía de la medicina. Argumentando que la bioética no debería limitarse a temas como el aborto, el partido de reproducción asistida, el suicidio asistido por un médico, o la clonación, Pellegrino en cambio, ha subrayado que estas cuestiones son formadas por puntos de vista fundamentales sobre la naturaleza de la relación médico-paciente y los objetivos de la medicina, que son el enfoque adecuado de la filosofía de la medicina.

Este volumen incluye un prólogo por el Dr. Pellegrino y una amplia introducción de los editores. De interés para los especialistas en ética médica, así como estudiantes, académicos y médicos



The Picture of Health: Medical Ethics and the Movies Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editor: Henri Colt, Silvia Quadrelli, and Friedman Lester
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2014
ISBN:9780199735365
Precio: 41,95$


The essays collected here are written in an accessible style by international experts.
Contributors approach the topic of bioethics in film from various perspectives including medicine, social sciences, and the humanities.



The Point of View of the Universe Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer
Edción: Oxford University Press, 2014
ISBN: 978-0-19-960369-5
Precio: 30 libras


What does the idea of taking 'the point of view of the universe' tell us about ethics? The great nineteenth-century utilitarian Henry Sidgwick used this metaphor to present what he took to be a self-evident moral truth: the good of one individual is of no more importance than the good of any other. Ethical judgments, he held, are objective truths that we can know by reason. The ethical axioms he took to be self-evident provide a foundation for utilitarianism. He supplements this foundation with an argument that nothing except states of consciousness have ultimate value, which led him to hold that pleasure is the only thing that is intrinsically good.
Are these claims defensible? Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer test them against a variety of views held by contemporary writers in ethics, and conclude that they are. This book is therefore a defence of objectivism in ethics, and of hedonistic utilitarianism. The authors also explore, and in most cases support, Sidgwick's views on many other key questions in ethics: how to justify an ethical theory, the significance of an evolutionary explanation of our moral judgments, the choice between preference-utilitarianism and hedonistic utilitarianism, the conflict between self-interest and universal benevolence, whether something that it would be wrong to do openly can be right if kept secret, how demanding utilitarianism is, whether we should discount the future, or favor those who are worse off, the moral status of animals, and what is an optimum population.
Readership: Scholars and advanced students in ethics and metaethics.



The Politics of Blood: Ethics, Innovation and the Regulation of Risk Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Anne-Maree Farrell
Edición: Cambridge University Press, 2015
ISBN: 9781107474796
Precio: 34,99€


How best to manage risk involving multi-valued human biological materials is the overarching theme of this book, which draws on the sourcing and supply of blood as a case study. Blood has ethical, social, scientific and commercial value. This multi-valuing process presents challenges in terms of managing risk, therefore making it ultimately a matter for political responsibility. This is highlighted through an examination of the circumstances that led to HIV blood contamination episodes in the US, England and France, as well as their consequences. The roles of scientific expertise and innovation in managing risks to the blood system are also analyzed, as is the increased use of precautionary and legal strategies in the post-HIV blood contamination era. Finally, consideration is given to a range of policy and legal strategies that should underpin effective risk governance involving multi-valued human biological materials.



The Politics of Invisibility: Public Knowledge about Radiation Health Effects after Chernobyl Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Olga Kuchinskaya
Edición: The MIT Press, 2014
ISBN:B00M7JAN4A
Precio: 20,39€


Before Fukushima, the most notorious large-scale nuclear accident the world had seen was Chernobyl in 1986. The fallout from Chernobyl covered vast areas in the Northern Hemisphere, especially in Europe. Belarus, at the time a Soviet republic, suffered heavily: nearly a quarter of its territory was covered with long-lasting radionuclides. Yet the damage from the massive fallout was largely imperceptible; contaminated communities looked exactly like noncontaminated ones. It could be known only through constructed representations of it. In <I>The Politics of Invisibility</I>, Olga Kuchinskaya explores how we know what we know about Chernobyl, describing how the consequences of a nuclear accident were made invisible. Her analysis sheds valuable light on how we deal with other modern hazards -- toxins or global warming -- that are largely imperceptible to the human senses.Kuchinskaya describes the production of invisibility of Chernobyl's consequences in Belarus -- practices that limit public attention to radiation and make its health effects impossible to observe. Just as mitigating radiological contamination requires infrastructural solutions, she argues, the production and propagation of invisibility also involves infrastructural efforts, from redefining the scope and nature of the accident's consequences to reshaping research and protection practices. Kuchinskaya finds vast fluctuations in recognition, tracing varyingly successful efforts to conceal or reveal Chernobyl's consequences at different levels -- among affected populations, scientists, government, media, and international organizations. The production of invisibility, she argues, is a function of power relations.



The Posthuman Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Rosi Braidotti
Edición: Polity, 2015
ISBN: 978-0745641584
Precio: 17,35€


The Posthuman offers both an introduction and major contribution to contemporary debates on the posthuman. Digital 'second life', genetically modified food, advanced prosthetics, robotics and reproductive technologies are familiar facets of our globally linked and technologically mediated societies. This has blurred the traditional distinction between the human and its others, exposing the non-naturalistic structure of the human. The Posthuman starts by exploring the extent to which a post-humanist move displaces the traditional humanistic unity of the subject. Rather than perceiving this situation as a loss of cognitive and moral self-mastery, Braidotti argues that the posthuman helps us make sense of our flexible and multiple identities.

Braidotti then analyzes the escalating effects of post-anthropocentric thought, which encompass not only other species, but also the sustainability of our planet as a whole. Because contemporary market economies profit from the control and commodification of all that lives, they result in hybridization, erasing categorical distinctions between the human and other species, seeds, plants, animals and bacteria. These dislocations induced by globalized cultures and economies enable a critique of anthropocentrism, but how reliable are they as indicators of a sustainable future?

The Posthuman concludes by considering the implications of these shifts for the institutional practice of the humanities. Braidotti outlines new forms of cosmopolitan neo-humanism that emerge from the spectrum of post-colonial and race studies, as well as gender analysis and environmentalism. The challenge of the posthuman condition consists in seizing the opportunities for new social bonding and community building, while pursuing sustainability and empowerment.



The Production of Hospice Space Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Sarah McGann
Edición: Ashgate, 2013
ISBN: 978-1-4094-4579-1
Precio: 56,70€


Challenging the widely held notion of a hospice as a building or a place, this book argues that it should instead be a philosophy of care. It proposes that the positive and negative impact that space can have in the pursuit of an ideal such as hospice care has previously been underestimated. Whether it be a purpose-built hospice, part of a hospital, a nursing home or within the home, a hospice is anchored by space and spatial practices, and these spatial practices are critical for a holistic approach to dying with dignity. Such spatial practices are understood as part of a broad architectural, social, conceptual and theoretical process.
By linking health, social and architectural theory and establishing conceptual principles, this book defines 'hospice' as a philosophy that is underpinned by space and spatial practice. In putting forward the notion of 'hospice space', removed from the bounds of a specific building type, it suggests that hospice philosophy could and should be available within any setting of choice where the spatial practices support that philosophy, be it home, nursing home, hospice or 'hospice-friendly-hospitals'.
Contents: Introduction; Situating the problem of hospice space; The question of the hospital; The question of the hospice; An Irish hospice; The production of hospice space; The unbounded hospice; Bibliography; Index.



The Professional Responsibility Model of Perinatal Ethics Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autores: Frank A. Chervenak, Laurence B. McCullough
Edición: Walter De Gruyter Inc,2014
ISBN: 978-3110316605
Precio: 139,02€


Perinatologists confront many ethical challenges in clinical care and research for which they need ethically sound, clinically practical guidance for clinical judgment and decision making with their patients. This is the first book to address these challenges in a clinically practical and comprehensive way. The unique feature of the book is its deployment of the professional responsibility model of perinatal ethics and the ethical concept of the fetus as a patient. The authors, a perinatologist and philosopher, have collaborated for more than thirty years.



The Right to Be Loved Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: S. Matthew Liao
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-0-19-023483-6
Precio: 29,99 Libras



The first book to make a sustained philosophical case for the right of children to be loved
Makes a unique contribution to the fast-growing literature on family ethics
Details the nature and distribution of the duty to love children
S. Matthew Liao argues here that children have a right to be loved. To do so he investigates questions such as whether children are rightholders; what grounds a child's right to beloved; whether love is an appropriate object of a right; and other philosophical and practical issues. His proposal is that all human beings have rights to the fundamental conditions for pursuing a good life; therefore, as human beings, children have human rights to the fundamental conditions for pursuing a good life. Since being loved is one of those fundamental conditions, children thus have a right to be loved. Liao shows that this claim need not be merely empty rhetoric, and that the arguments for this right can hang together as a coherent whole.

This is the first book to make a sustained philosophical case for the right of children to be loved. It makes a unique contribution to the fast-growing literature on family ethics, in particular, on children's rights and parental rights and responsibilities, and to the emerging field of the philosophy of human rights.
Readership: The book should attract interest from an international audience of both students and professional scholars in philosophy, law, politics, international relations, bioethics, sociology and related disciplines.



The Right to know and the Right not to know: genetic privacy and responsibility Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editors: Chadwick, Ruth F., Levitt, Mairi, Shickle, Darren
Edición: Cambridge University Press, 2014
ISBN:9781107429796
Precio:32,15€


The privacy concerns discussed in the 1990s in relation to the New Genetics failed to anticipate the relevant issues for individuals, families, geneticists and society. Consumers, for example, can now buy their personal genetic information and share it online. The challenges facing genetic privacy have evolved as new biotechnologies have developed, and personal privacy is increasingly challenged by the irrepressible flow of electronic data between the personal and public spheres and by surveillance for terrorism and security risks. This book considers the right to know and the right not to know about your own and others' genomes. It discusses new privacy concerns and developments in ethical thinking, with the greater emphasis on solidarity and equity. The multidisciplinary approach covers current topics such as biobanks and forensic databases, DIY testing, group rights and accountability, the food we eat and the role of the press and the new digital media.



The Risk of a Lifetime: How, When, and Why Procreation May Be Permissible Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Rivka Weinberg
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-0-19-024370-8
Precio: 41,99 Libras


Despite its history and the debates that surround procreative ethics, procreation itself is often done thoughtlessly. This book is an argument for giving procreating some serious thought, and a theory of how, when, and why procreation may be permissible.

Rivka Weinberg begins with an analysis of the kind of act procreativity is and why we might be justifiably motivated to engage in it. She then proceeds to argue that, by virtue of our ownership and control of the hazardous material that is our gametes, we are parentally responsible for the risks we take with our gametes and for the persons that develop when we engage in activity that allows our gametes to unite with others and develop into persons. Further argument establishes that when done respectfully, and in cases where the child's chances of leading a life of human flourishing are high, procreation may be permissible.

Along the way, Weinberg argues that the non-identity problem is a curiously common mistake by demonstrating the serious flaws in arguments for the impressibility of procreation centered on the claim that life is bad for people and imposed on them without their consent. Weinberg further asserts that although procreation is permissible under certain conditions, it is both a welfare and moral risk.

In order to ascertain when such procreative risk is permissible to impose, Weinberg proposes contractualist principles to fairly attend to the high level of legitimate interests prospective parents have in procreating and the interests future people have in a life of human flourishing. The principles are assessed on their own merits and in comparison with rival principles. The book concludes with the application of the principles to a wide variety of real life procreative cases, including controversial cases such as surrogacy, savior siblings, prenatal genetic diagnosis and selective implantation, and genetic enhancement.
Readership: The primary audience consists of philosophers, bioethicists, medical doctors, legal scholars, students, and people working in public policy or generally interested in procreative ethics.



The Roots of Bioethics: Health, Progress, Technology, Death Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Daniel Callahan
Edición: Oxford University Press, 2012
ISBN:978-0199931378
Precio: 50,49€


Daniel Callahan---whose cofounding of The Hastings Center in 1969 was one of the most important milestones in the history of bioethics--has written on an uncommonly wide range of issues over a long career. They have moved back and forth between clinical care of individual patients and the ethical problems of health care research and delivery. Through his many writings, four core problems have recurred in all of his work, and influence each of the others. What is health and how has its understanding been shaped by medical progress and the culture of medicine and society? What is progress, a deep value in modern health care and how should we judge it? What kinds of technological innovations that come out of the drive for progress are really good for us-and what do we do when there is a clash between individual good and social good in the use of expensive technologies, a problem now evident in the unsustainable high costs of health care? How should our understanding of the place of an inevitable death in all our lives, and its place in medicine, help us to better think of the goals of medicine and the goals of our life in seeking a good death? Those four questions have been with bioethics from its beginning and will remain with it for the indefinite future. They are the roots of bioethics.



The Routledge Handbook of Religions and Global Development Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Emma Tomalin
Edición: Routledge, 2014
ISBN: 978-0-415-83636-4
Precio: 125 Libras


This Handbook provides a cutting-edge survey of the state of research on religions and development and interactions between religions and development. It uniquely looks at religions in context when thinking about their relationships to development. Different religious traditions are situated within actual locations and case studies thus allowing a better understanding of their relationships to development.

Part one highlights critical debates that have emerged within research on religions and development, particularly with respect to theoretical, conceptual and methodological considerations, from the perspective of development studies and its associated disciplines. Parts two to six look at different regional and national development contexts and the place of religion within these. These parts integrate and examine the critical debates raised in part one within empirical case studies from a range of religions and regions. Part seven examines the links between some important areas within development policy and practice where religion is now being considered, including:

• Faith-Based Organisations and Development

• Gender, Religion and Development

• Public Health, Religion and Development

• Human rights, Religion and Development

• Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Religion

• Multi-lateral Institutions, Religion and Development

• Economic Development and Religion

• Religion, Development and Fragile States



The Science and Ethics of Antipsychotic Use in Children Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editores:Nina Di Pietro, Judy Illes
Edición: Academic Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-0128000168
Precio: 53,02€


The Science and Ethics of Antipsychotic Use in Children reviews the latest findings for the safety and efficacy of the rapidly rising incidence of antipsychotic use in children and examines tensions that are created by off-label use, both in clinical psychiatric practice and research. In the past ten years, the number of antipsychotics prescribed to children with psychiatric disorders has skyrocketed. Despite this rapid growth, most medications have been inadequately studied in children for safety or efficacy and many have serious adverse health. Measures are needed to ensure that the health and safety of children are being protected, and debates have emerged over whether or not clinical trials in this population should be conducted.



The Science and Ethics of Antipsychotic Use in Children Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Editor: Nina Di Pietro, Judy Illes
Edición: Academic Press, 2015
ISBN: 978-0128000168
Precio: 59,95$


The Science and Ethics of Antipsychotic Use in Children reviews the latest findings for the safety and efficacy of the rapidly rising incidence of antipsychotic use in children and examines tensions that are created by off-label use, both in clinical psychiatric practice and research. In the past ten years, the number of antipsychotics prescribed to children with psychiatric disorders has skyrocketed. Despite this rapid growth, most medications have been inadequately studied in children for safety or efficacy and many have serious adverse health. Measures are needed to ensure that the health and safety of children are being protected, and debates have emerged over whether or not clinical trials in this population should be conducted.

Offers coverage of efficacy, prevalence, and adverse impacts of the use of antipsychotics in children
Explores ethics challenges of clinical research in this patient population
Serves as a platform for future discussions designed to increase the safety of children taking antipsychotics
Edited work with chapters authored by leading neuroethicists in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available



The Search for the Legacy of the USPHS Syphilis Study at Tuskegee: Reflective Essays Based upon Find Popular

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Valoración:0.00 (0 votos)

Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Ralph V. Katz, Rueben Warren, M Joycelyn Elders, Rueben C. Warren, Vivian W. Pinn, James H. Jones, Susan M. Reverby, David Satcher, Mary E. Northridge, Ronald Braithwaite, Mario DeLaRosa, Luther S. Williams, Monique M. Willams, Vickie M. Mays, Malika Roman Isler, R L'Heureux Lewis, Harold L. Aubrey, Riggins R., Jr. Earl, Virginia M. Brennan
Edición:Lexington Books, 2013
ISBN:978-0739183397
Precio: 29,18$



The Status Syndrome: How Social Standing Affects Our Health and Longevity Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Michael Marmot
Edición: Holt Paperbacks, 2005
ISBN: 978-0805078541
Precio: 15,53€


ou probably didn't realize that when you graduate from college you increase your lifespan, or that your co-worker who has a slightly better job is more likely to live a healthier life. In this groundbreaking book, epidemiologist Michael Marmot marshals evidence from nearly thirty years of research to demonstrate that status is not a footnote to the causes of ill health-it is the cause. He calls this effect the status syndrome.

The status syndrome is pervasive. It determines the chances that you will succumb to heart disease, stroke, cancers, infectious diseases, even suicide and homicide. And the issue, as Marmot shows, is not simply one of income or lifestyle. It is the psychological experience of inequality-how much control you have over your life and the opportunities you have for full social participation-that has a profound effect on your health.



The Story of Pain: From Prayer to Painkillers Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Joanna Bourke
Edición: Oxford Unviersity Press, 2014
ISBN: 978-0199689422
Precio: 25,08€


Everyone knows what it feels like to be in pain. Scraped knees, toothaches, migraines, giving birth, cancer, heart attacks, and heartaches: pain permeates our entire lives. We also witness other people - loved ones - suffering, and we 'feel with' them.

It is easy to assume this is the end of the story: 'pain-is-pain-is-pain', and that is all there is to say. But it is not. In fact, the way in which people respond to what they describe as 'painful' has changed considerably over time. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, for example, people believed that pain served a specific (and positive) function - it was a message from God or Nature; it would perfect the spirit. 'Suffer in this life and you wouldn't suffer in the next one'. Submission to pain was required. Nothing could be more removed from twentieth and twenty-first century understandings, where pain is regarded as an unremitting evil to be 'fought'.



The Tapestry of Reason. An Inquiry into the Nature of Coherence and its Role in Legal Argument Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Amalia Amaya
Edición: Hart Publishing, 2014
ISBN:9781849460705
Precio: 150$


In recent years coherence theories of law and adjudication have been extremely influential in legal scholarship. These theories significantly advance the case for coherentism in law. Nonetheless, in the field of coherence theory in law a number of problems remain. This ambitious new work makes the first concerted attempt to develop a coherence-based theory of legal reasoning, and in so doing addresses, or at least mitigates these problems. The book is organised in three parts. The first part provides a critical analysis of the main coherentist approaches to both normative and factual reasoning in law. The second part investigates coherence theory in a number of fields that are relevant to law: coherence theories of epistemic justification, coherentist approaches to belief revision and theory-choice, coherence theories of practical and moral reasoning, and coherence-based approaches to discourse interpretation. Taking this interdisciplinary analysis as a starting point, the third part develops a coherence-based model of legal reasoning. While this model builds upon the standard theory of legal reasoning, it also leads to rethinking some of the basic assumptions that characterise this theory, and suggests some lines along which it may be further developed. Thus, ultimately, the book not only improves upon the current state of coherence theory in law, but also contributes to the larger debate about how to articulate a theory of legal reasoning that results in better decision-making.



The Tell-Tale Brain: A Neuroscientist's Quest for What Makes Us Human Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: V. S. Ramachandran
Edición: W. W. Norton & Company, 2011
ISBN:978-0393077827
Precio: 16,69€


Drawing on strange and thought-provoking case studies, an eminent neurologist offers unprecedented insight into the evolution of the uniquely human brain.

V. S. Ramachandran is at the forefront of his field-so much so that Richard Dawkins dubbed him the "Marco Polo of neuroscience." Now, in a major new work, Ramachandran sets his sights on the mystery of human uniqueness. Taking us to the frontiers of neurology, he reveals what baffling and extreme case studies can teach us about normal brain function and how it evolved. Synesthesia becomes a window into the brain mechanisms that make some of us more creative than others. And autism—for which Ramachandran opens a new direction for treatment—gives us a glimpse of the aspect of being human that we understand least: self-awareness. Ramachandran tackles the most exciting and controversial topics in neurology with a storyteller's eye for compelling case studies and a researcher's flair for new approaches to age-old questions. Tracing the strange links between neurology and behavior, this book unveils a wealth of clues into the deepest mysteries of the human brain. 15 black-and-white illustrations



The Theory and Practice of Ethical Big Data Mining for Socio-Economic Development Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor:
Edición:IGI Global, 2014
ISBN:978-1-4666-6433-3
Precio: 30€


This chapter delineates the theory and practice of ethical big data mining for socio-economic development in four parts. The first part enunciates the ethical role of big data mining for socio-economic development by theorizing big data as a 20th Century phenomenon and its surging significance in the 21st Century digital era. The second part elucidates ethical values relating to big data mining with particular emphasis on the interplay of theory and practice. The third part connects classical theories of ethics to propose a code of conduct that relates to core ethical values such as privacy, confidentiality, objectivity, transparency, conflict of interest, and common good. The fourth and final part identifies privacy as a major challenge of ethical big data mining and postulates needed research directions. This chapter also features a list of additional reading and big data terms with concise definitions explicating their relevance to big data mining for socio-economic development.



The Therapeutic Cloning Debate Global Science and Journalism in the Public Sphere Popular

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Categoría: a) Fundamentación de la bioética
Autor: Eric A. Jensen
Edición: Ashgate, 2015
ISBN: 978-1-4094-2982-1
Precio: 107,96$


Eric A. Jensen, University of Warwick, UKExploring the controversy surrounding therapeutic human cloning, this book draws upon data collected from news articles and interviews with journalists to examine the role of mass media in shaping biomedical controversies. With specific reference to the US and the UK as two leading scientific nations grappling with the global issue of therapeutic cloning, together with attention to the important role played by nations in Southeast Asia, this book sheds light on media representations of scientific developments, the unrealistic hype that can surround them, the influence of religion and the potentially harmful imposition of journalistic and nationalist values on the scientific field.

Empirically grounded and theoretically innovative, The Therapeutic Cloning Debate will appeal to social scientists across a range of disciplines with interests in science communication, public engagement, cultural and media studies, science politics, science journalism, the sociology of expert knowledge and risk. It will also appeal to scientists, journalists, policymakers and others interested in how news media frame science for the public.Contents: Introduction; The struggle to define therapeutic cloning; Human cloning before Dolly; Epochal change in the contemporary human cloning debate; Therapeutic cloning science in the global risk society; Mediating scientific risk in the public sphere; The role of science journalism; Previous research on human cloning in the media; Scientific utopianism and balanced hype; Scientific dystopianism, balanced hype and haphazard hype; The role of science fiction in scientific dystopianism; Scientific nationalism; Sources: the raw materials of science news; Framing the science: the role of scientists in the mediated public sphere; Science politics from below: patient advocates and anti-abortion activists enter the fray; Science politics from below: anti-abortion groups ascend as the leading opposition; The ethical experts: professional bioethicists in the therapeutic cloning debate; Mediating public engagement: promises and problems; Conclusion; Appendix; Index.About the Author: Eric A. Jensen is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Warwick, UK and co-editor of Culture and Social Change: Transforming Society through Power of Ideas.Reviews: ‘Cloning has a long history in science and fiction. This book is the first to investigate thoroughly and critically the journalistic practices that go into producing and debating the scientific controversies surrounding therapeutic cloning. It should be read by anybody interested in the role of the media in science and society in general and science communication in particular.’
Brigitte Nerlich, University of Nottingham, UK





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