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Enfermería y Bioética : Opinions of nurses regarding conscientious objection.
Enviado por Biblio on 4/12/2017 7:20:00 (134 Lecturas)

Toro-Flores R, Bravo-Agüi P, Catalán-Gómez MV, González-Hernando M, Guijarro-Cenisergue MJ, Moreno-Vázquez M, Roch-Hamelin I, Velasco-Sanz TR. Opinions of nurses regarding conscientious objection. Nurs Ethics. 2017 Jan 1:969733017731915. doi: 10.1177/0969733017731915. [Epub ahead of print]

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In the last decades, there have been important developments in the scientific and technological areas of healthcare. On certain occasions this provokes conflict between the patients' rights and the values of healthcare professionals which brings about, within this clinical relationship, the problem of conscientious objection.
To learn the opinions that the Nurses of the Madrid Autonomous Community have regarding conscientious objection.
Cross-cutting descriptive study. Participants and research context: The nurses of 9 hospitals and 12 Health Centers in the Madrid Autonomous Community. The study was done by means of an auto completed anonymous questionnaire. The variables studied were social-demographical and their opinions about conscientious objections. Ethical considerations: The study was approved by the Ethical Community of Clinical Research of the University Hospital Príncipe de Asturias. Participants were assured of maximum confidentiality and anonymity.
A total of 421 nurses answered the questionnaire. In total, 55.6% of the nurses confirmed they were religious believers, and 64.3% declared having poor knowledge regarding conscientious objection. The matters that caused the greatest objections were voluntary abortions, genetic embryo selection, refusal of blood transfusions, and therapy refusal.
Different authors state that the most significant cases of conscientious objections for health professionals are those regarding carrying out or assisting in abortions, euthanasia, the practice of assisted reproduction and, finally, the prescription and dispensing of the morning-after pill. In our study, the most significant cases in which the nurses would declare conscientious objections would be the refusal to accept treatment, the selection of embryos after genetic diagnosis preimplantation, the patient's refusal to receive blood transfusions due to religious reasons and pregnant women's request for voluntary abortions within the first 14 weeks.
Nurses' religious beliefs influence their opinions regarding conscientious objection. The nurses who declare themselves as religious believers object in a higher percentage than those without religious beliefs.

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