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Enviado por Biblio on 30/7/2014 9:53:27 (8 Lecturas)

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Written by Elizabeth Fenton on July 29, 2014

The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues (Bioethics Commission) has just posted to Bioethics.gov a new educational module on informed consent in the context of pediatric medical countermeasure research. The module integrates material from the Bioethics Commission’s March 2013 report Safeguarding Children: Pediatric Medical Countermeasure Research.

The aim of this module is to help teachers and students understand the components of the consent process in the specific context of pediatric medical countermeasure (MCM) research, which investigates interventions to be used for children in the event of a bioterrorism attack. Pediatric MCM research raises complex ethical and regulatory issues. Children cannot ethically or legally give informed consent to participate in research, because their autonomy forms over time and is not fully developed until adulthood. In addition, pediatric MCM research that would take place before a bioterrorism attack occurs (pre-event) is ethically distinct from pediatric MCM research that would take place after an attack (post-event), due to differing risks and potential direct benefits for participants.

- See more at: http://blog.bioethics.gov/2014/07/29/new-educational-module-on-informed-consent-in-safeguarding-children/#sthash.00Vwh9ZZ.dpuf


Enviado por Biblio on 29/7/2014 8:57:14 (19 Lecturas)

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DALLAS BUYERS CLUB is a biopic about an unlikely hero, directed by Québécois Jean-Marc Valle and written by Craig Borten and Melisa Wallack. In case you get a call from your local AIDS-Walk coordinator, remember 50,000 cases of AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) still occur in the USA annually. Transmission is largely preventable with education, testing and early intervention. Ethnic peoples of color are disproportionately affected in new cases. Thirty-five years ago, I never imagined AIDS would be the defining disease of my career and then some. After my AIDS-Walk call, I pulled out my notes on Dallas Buyers Club, which screened October, 2013 at the Mill Valley Film Festival. It has won three Oscars and too many to count other awards.


Enviado por Biblio on 28/7/2014 12:14:11 (56 Lecturas)

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American Academy of Neurology (AAN)
Summary:
The American Academy of Neurology (AAN), the largest professional association of neurologists and a leading authority on sports concussion, is releasing a new position paper that states doctors have an ethical obligation to educate and protect athletes from sports concussion and clear them to play only when the athlete is medically ready, standing firm against objections from players, parents or coaches.


Enviado por Biblio on 25/7/2014 8:55:18 (71 Lecturas)

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Recent reports that radio host Joël Legendre would be the father of twins via surrogate mother spurred debate over surrogacy arrangements and assisted reproduction in Quebec. In response to the news, Quebec Health Minister Gaétan Barrette claimed the problem lies with Quebec’s IVF program and that he would act on the matter following the impending release of the report of the Commissaire à la Santé et au Bien-Être.


Enviado por Biblio on 24/7/2014 13:13:36 (216 Lecturas)

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I recall being a PhD candidate in philosophy in the 1970’s, I often pondered the subject matter of my graduate courses in ethics. I would ask myself, what does any of this have to do with ethics? What are we doing?

As our courses went from Kant to Mill to G.E. Moore to the Emotivists and others, I couldn’t help but have a sense of unreality about the content of what I was learning.

How can we use reason to find a basis for knowing right action? What are the ways we can define right action based on a normative moral theory?


Enviado por Biblio on 23/7/2014 11:57:17 (73 Lecturas)

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The crisis in the the US Veterans Affairs Department is fundamentally a crisis of ethics, according to the former hospital ethicist at the Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Evelyne Shuster.

The VA’s director, Eric Shinseki, was forced to resign after it was discovered that employees were generating fraudulent statistics to improve their performance reports. The problem was particularly acute in Phoenix.


Enviado por Biblio on 22/7/2014 10:04:55 (84 Lecturas)

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The Lancet, Volume 384, Issue 9938, Page 127, 12 July 2014
doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61154-5Cite or Link Using DOI
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
Legalisation of assisted suicide: a safeguard to euthanasia?

Claudia Gamondi a, Gian Domenico Borasio a, Costanzo Limoni b, Nancy Preston c, Sheila Payne c
Several countries are debating whether or not to legalise assisted suicide, euthanasia, or both. In assisted suicide, patients take the lethal drug themselves, whereas in euthanasia physicians administer it. In 2012, more than 5000 patients died after assisted suicide or euthanasia in states where these practices are permitted.1—3 Euthanasia and assisted suicide have been legal in the Netherlands and Belgium since 2002, whereas assisted suicide is permitted in Switzerland since 1918, Oregon since 1997, Montana and Washington since 2009, and Vermont since 2013.


Enviado por Biblio on 21/7/2014 14:16:36 (119 Lecturas)

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Tomorrow, the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues (Bioethics Commission) will present its recommendations on pediatric medical countermeasure (MCM) research at the 10th Annual Pediatric Bioethics Conference in Seattle. The conference, hosted by the Treuman Katz Center for Pediatric Bioethics at the Seattle Children’s Hospital, takes place July 18 and 19, 2014; its theme: “New Opportunities, New Challenges: Exploring the Ethical Boundaries of Pediatric Research.” - See more at: http://blog.bioethics.gov/2014/07/18/safeguarding-children-in-emergencies-through-ethical-pediatric-research/?utm_source=Presidential+Commission+for+the+Study+of+Bioethical+Issues+List&utm_campaign=c1fafa1465-RSS_EMAIL_CAMPAIGN&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_336f8c07f0-c1fafa1465-78447265#sthash.Zjtfw1QQ.dpuf


Enviado por Biblio on 18/7/2014 10:08:37 (92 Lecturas)

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Ya podéis consultar algunas de las entrevistas realizadas a Peter Singer y los vídeos de sus conferencias.

Peter Singer, profesor de Bioética de la Universidad de Princeton, fue entrevistado en varios medios con motivo de las conferencias sobre ética y altruismo organizadas por la Fundació els passats 25 i 26 de juny a Barcelona.


Enviado por Biblio on 17/7/2014 9:33:37 (88 Lecturas)

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Instrumentum Laboris toca entre otros temas los desafíos pastorales acerca de la apertura a la vida, promover una mentalidad abierta a la vida, la Iglesia y la familia frente al desafío educativo, las madres solteras y la homosexualidad.


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