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Enviado por Biblio on 19/12/2014 11:23:16 (16 Lecturas)

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Bioethics Commission Requests Comment on Ethical Considerations in the EVD Response
Written by Alannah Kittle on December 18, 2014 — Leave a Comment
At its meeting on November 6, 2014, the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues (Bioethics Commission) began its consideration of the complex ethical landscape of U.S. public health emergency response to the Ebola virus disease (EVD). The Bioethics Commission is currently considering three areas of specific ethical concern: U.S. public policies that restrict association or movement; the ethics of placebo-controlled trials in the context of public health emergencies; and the ethical considerations relevant to collecting, storing, and sharing biospecimens during a public health emergency.

- See more at: http://blog.bioethics.gov/2014/12/18/bioethics-commission-requests-comment-on-ethical-considerations-in-the-evd-response/?utm_source=Presidential+Commission+for+the+Study+of+Bioethical+Issues+List&utm_campaign=ebb4e79dfa-RSS_EMAIL_CAMPAIGN&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_336f8c07f0-ebb4e79dfa-78447261#sthash.LUCdispF.dpuf


Enviado por Biblio on 17/12/2014 10:25:34 (33 Lecturas)

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Rogelio Altisent


Enviado por Biblio on 15/12/2014 10:12:22 (48 Lecturas)

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Una guia de practica ètica molt complerta.

L'atenció primària és, en general, la porta d'entrada dels ciutadans al sistema de salut de qualsevol estructura social. Es comprèn, per això, que en ella es donin amb freqüència conflictes entre els professionals i els pacients o usuaris del sistema. Aquests conflictes no solen estar provocats per discrepàncies en el que cal cridar els fets clínics sinó que tenen a veure amb qüestions de valors. Vivim en una societat plural, en la qual coexisteixen molts sistemes de valors diferents, no només econòmics sinó de tot tipus, religiosos, filosòfics, estètics, polítics, etc.


Enviado por Biblio on 12/12/2014 9:33:22 (39 Lecturas)

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Robert MacDougall argues that parents should have the final say about what constitutes their child’s “best interest”.
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A recent court decision affirming the right of a First Nations family to make medical decisions for their own child and forgo chemotherapy treatment has faced a lot of criticism. Critics have urged that providing chemotherapy treatment to the child is in the best interest of the child and thus should be provided. These criticisms (see, for example, here, here, and here), however, have been relatively thin on ethical argument. Instead, these criticisms rely on what is taken to be an unproblematic notion of the “best interest of the child.” In a recent piece posted on Impact Ethics, for example, Amy Mullin took note of a number of factors: the family’s love and care for the child; Canada’s historical violations of aboriginal rights; and the difficult nature of the proposed chemotherapy. Mullin concluded that these factors could not “justify” letting the parents decide to forgo chemotherapy for their child, implying that the parents’ plan for treatment requires justification because it seems obvious that their actions are not in the “best interest” of their daughter


Enviado por Biblio on 11/12/2014 9:14:54 (39 Lecturas)

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I love my job. I’m trying to understand how plants build themselves out of thin air. It’s exciting, it’s creative, it’s beautiful and on top of all that it’s important and useful. I like working with other people with different perspectives and I like the sharing of ideas and the piece-by-piece building of understanding from careful observation, experiment and analysis. Then there are those rare eureka moments when suddenly something that was obscure makes sense and unconnected ideas fit together to make a satisfying whole. - See more at: http://nuffieldbioethics.org/blog/2014/dark-side-research-chasing-prestige-prize/#sthash.FON5sCdQ.dpuf


Enviado por Biblio on 10/12/2014 10:44:33 (67 Lecturas)

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Grandes personajes de la bioética: Hoy conocemos a Edmun Pellegrino y su teoria sobre la metamorfosis de la bioética

Edmund Pellegrino (Newark, 22 de junio de 1920 - 13 de junio de 2013) fue un médico y profesor universitario estadounidense, especialista en bioética.
El Dr. Pellegrino fue profesor emérito de Medicina y Ética Médica y Profesor Adjunto de Filosofía en la Universidad de Georgetown. También fue director del Consejo de Bioética del presidente de los Estados Unidos y miembro del American College of Physicians, de la American Association for the Advancement of Science, del Instituto de Medicina de la National Academy of Sciences, de la Pontificia Academia para la Vida; tenía más de cuarenta doctorados honoris causa, y recibió el Premio Benjamin Rush de la American Medical Association, y el Premio Abraham Flexner de la Association of American Medical Colleges.
En 2004, Pellegrino fue nombrado para el Comité Internacional de Bioética de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura (UNESCO), que es el único órgano consultivo en el seno del sistema de las Naciones Unidas que participa en la reflexión sobre las implicaciones éticas de los avances en las ciencias de la vida.
A lo largo de su carrera, el Dr. Pellegrino siguió viendo pacientes en su consulta clínica, enseñando a los estudiantes de medicina, internos y residentes, y haciendo investigación. Desde su jubilación en 2000, el Dr. Pellegrino se mantuvo en Georgetown, continuó escribiendo, enseñando medicina y bioética, y participando en los servicios clínicos regulares.


Enviado por Biblio on 9/12/2014 10:08:43 (128 Lecturas)

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JUAN GÉRVAS — MADRID 7 DIC, 2014 - 7:27 AM
El análisis de situación no sólo pone de manifiesto la inutilidad, cuando no es perjudicial, de la vacuna del virus del papiloma humano (VPH), sino que se está utilizando en contra de las condiciones para las que fue aprobada.

Cuando una recomendación convierte a los ginecólogos en astrólogos negociantes

Hay ginecólogos y ginecólogos y, como en toda profesión, los hay honrados y sensatos. Pero los hay que recomiendan la vacuna contra el virus del papiloma humano (VPH) en sus consultas privadas y públicas a las mujeres con alteraciones en la citología e incluso, en su caso, tras la conización. El consejo es breve y contundente: “La vacuna le ayudará a vencer la enfermedad”. Las pobres mujeres cumplen la recomendación, compran la vacuna (hasta 155 euros la dosis “puesta”, y son tres dosis). Las pobres mujeres creen de verdad que “La vacuna ayuda a vencer la enfermedad”.


Enviado por Biblio on 5/12/2014 10:36:51 (103 Lecturas)

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Abstract — In 2013, U.S. President Barack Obama decreed the creation of the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, as part of his $100 million Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) initiative. In the wake of the work of this Commission, the purpose, goals, possible shortcomings, and even dangers are discussed, and the possible impact it may have upon neuroscience ethics (Neuroethics) both in clinical practice as well as scientific research. Concerns were expressed that government involvement in bioethics may have unforeseen and possibly dangerous repercussions to neuroscience in particular and to medicine in general. The author emphasizes that the lessons of history chronicle that wherever governments have sought to alter medical ethics and control medical care, the results have frequently been perverse and disastrous, as in the examples of the communist Soviet Union and National Socialist (Nazi) Germany. The Soviet psychiatrists' and the Nazi doctors' dark descent into ghastly experimentation and brutality was a product of convoluted ethics and physicians willingly cooperating with authoritarianism citing utilitarianism in the pursuit of the 'collective' or 'greater good.' Thus in the 20th century, as governments infringed on the medical profession, even the Liberal Democracies have not been immune to the corruption of ethics in science and medicine.


Enviado por Biblio on 4/12/2014 10:26:35 (142 Lecturas)

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The current outbreak of Ebola in western Africa has been unprecedented for various reasons, mostly because of its magnitude, its expansion across the borders of several countries of the region, and its propagation in capital cities. The outbreak initially involved no more than a few hundred people mainly in the rural parts of Africa, but by mid-September it had affected more than 5800 persons and caused more than 2500 deaths in four countries (mainly in urban locations). It is still not showing any signs of decreasing in intensity. This epidemic has brought to the fore many issues which have implications that go beyond just Ebola and western Africa. For example, it has highlighted the ever-widening social and economic inequalities within and between countries; the globalisation and interconnectedness of our world today; and the dire economic consequences of epidemics – this outbreak of Ebola has had the power to close down ports and airports, as well as seal borders. The outbreak has also brought to the fore a number of ethical issues, some of which have been raised during earlier epidemics, and some of which are novel.


Enviado por Biblio on 3/12/2014 9:31:53 (98 Lecturas)

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Relationships are at the heart of medical practice. These relationships are built on trust and shared clinical, academic, personal, or economic goals. Two articles just published on thebmj.com explore ways to strengthen these relationships at the two ends of the spectrum of clinical practice: the clinical relationship between a doctor and his (the author is a man) patients, and between academic researchers and healthcare entities.


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