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Enviado por Biblio on 26/5/2015 10:13:20 (13 Lecturas)

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Un estudio realizado por la Universidad CES en Colombia y el Hospital Universitario San vicente Fundación, también en aquel país, señala que la limitación de esfuerzos terapéuticos (LET), que se refiere al hecho de no iniciar o retirar un tratamiento médico a un paciente que no se beneficia clínicamente del mismo, ocurre debido a la disparidad existente entre los fines y los medios para tratar un padecimiento.


Enviado por Biblio on 25/5/2015 10:15:01 (21 Lecturas)

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An wake of paper describing genetic modification of human embryos, scientists disagree about ethics.

David Cyranoski& Sara Reardon

In a world first, Chinese scientists have reported that they have used powerful gene-editing techniques to modify human embryos. Their paper1, published in the Beijing-based journal Protein & Cell on 18 April, came as no surprise to the scientific community, but it has ignited a wide-ranging debate about what types of gene-editing research are ethical. The publication also raises questions about the appropriate way to publish such work.

In the paper, researchers led by Junjiu Huang, a gene-function researcher at Sun Yat-sen University in Guangzhou, describe how they used a system of molecules called CRISPR/Cas9, known for its ease of use, to cut DNA in human embryos and then attempted to repair it by introducing new DNA.


Enviado por Biblio on 22/5/2015 10:05:36 (30 Lecturas)

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Um casal pediu para ter um bebé que possa depois doar medula a uma filha de cinco anos com leucemia. A transferência de embriões foi realizada numa clínica do Porto, mas ainda não se sabe se resultou em gravidez. A notícia do jornal Público adianta que há já um outro pedido autorizado.
A transferência de embriões selecionados em laboratório foi feita recentemente e como tal ainda não se sabe se resultou em gravidez. A acontecer, seria o primeiro caso de um “bebé-medicamento” no país, assim chamado porque o bebé vai ajudar no tratamento de irmãos doentes.


Enviado por Biblio on 21/5/2015 9:55:10 (34 Lecturas)

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Une étude publiée la semaine dernière dans le New England Journal of Medicine montre que la façon dont sont traités les prématurés « varie grandement et a un impact considérable sur leur survie ».

Alors que « beaucoup de médecins avaient intégrés 24 semaines pour la viabilité d’un bébé », cette étude révèle qu’un quart des bébés nés à 22 semaines aurait une chance de survivre « s’ils étaient activement pris en charge ».

« La grande majorité des équipes néonatales, en particulier européennes, ont opté depuis une dizaine d’années pour une prise en charge active à partir de 24 semaines », souligne Emmanuel Sapin, chef de service en chirurgie pédiatrique au CHU de Dijon et enseignant à la Faculté de médecine, qui note que les résultats de l’étude devraient « remettre en question l’âge limite de la prise en charge des très grands prématurés ».


Enviado por Biblio on 20/5/2015 10:02:53 (39 Lecturas)

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Charles Camosy, PhD, is a professor of Christian Ethics at Fordham University in the Bronx and author of the brand-new book Beyond the Abortion Wars: A Way Forward for a New Generation. He will be the featured speaker at the first Diocese of Camden Life & Justice Lecture (Monday, May 11, 7:00 pm, Catholic Community of the Holy Spirit, Mullica Hill, free admission), where he will discuss the Catholic vision of justice that extends protection to all human beings, from the moment of conception until natural death, including every moment in between.

A fabulous teacher, Dr. Camosy makes complex theological concepts accessible to all, and he has contributed essays to USA Today, The Washington Post, The Huffington Post, The Los Angeles Times, and other publications.

He took the time to answer a few questions for The Ampersand. Learn more about the lecture and register to attend here.


Enviado por Biblio on 19/5/2015 10:09:10 (39 Lecturas)

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Transexualidade: condição considerada pela OMS como um tipo de transtorno de identidade de gênero. Refere-se à condição do indivíduo que possui uma identidade de gênero diferente da designada ao nascimento, tendo o desejo de viver e ser aceito como sendo do sexo oposto.

O termo transexualidade muitas vezes é trocado pelo termo transexualismo, com o sufixo “–ismo” referente à quadro mórbidos e condições patológicas (FERREIRA, 2004). O sufixo “-ismo” também é utilizado muitas vezes no termo “homossexualismo”, sendo considerado errôneo pelo fato da homossexualidade se tratar apenas da orientação sexual do indivíduo. Os transexuais, muitas vezes, procuram métodos cirúrgicos para se adequarem ao sexo do qual eles acreditam pertencer. Você sabe como isso funciona no Brasil ?


Enviado por Biblio on 18/5/2015 9:28:17 (44 Lecturas)

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Colombia close to legal euthanasia
by Michael Cook | 25 Apr 2015 |

Colombia’s Health Ministry has finally drawn up guidelines for voluntary euthanasia, 18 years after the country’s supreme court ruled that it was a constitutional right. Health Minister Alejandro Gaviría told media that only competent adults would be able to request the procedure, that only patients with a terminal illness would be eligible, and that if the patient is unconscious, relatives must present audio, video, or written proof that he wanted to be euthanased. Minors and patients with degenerative diseases will not be able to receive a lethal injection.

Despite the 1997 ruling, Colombian law-makers dragged their heels on the issue and never drafted protocols. As a result, doctors feared that they could be charged with homicide if they helped someone to die.


Enviado por Biblio on 15/5/2015 9:47:37 (53 Lecturas)

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Por Iñaki Úcar on 30 abril, 2015

En abril de 2009, un médico francés rechazó a un donante de sangre en base a una Orden Ministerial de ese mismo año que establecía exclusión permanente de la donación a «hombres que tienen relaciones sexuales con otros hombres» por considerarse un riesgo para los receptores. El donante recurrió a Estrasburgo y de allí la causa se elevó al Tribunal de Justicia de la UE (TJUE).

Ayer, todos los medios se hicieron eco de la publicación de la sentencia de una manera que, personalmente, creo que deja bastante que desear en general. Como consecuencia, se han dicho muchas burradas al respecto.

Desde luego, titulares como «El TJUE avala la prohibición de donar sangre a homosexuales» no ayudan. Yo entiendo que un titular es un titular, pero un tema tan delicado requiere una elección de las palabras mucho más precisa y un tratamiento mucho más cuidadoso (cualidades que, por cierto, sí tiene el texto de la sentencia). Si tenéis que leer una sola noticia sobre el tema, que sea esta. El titular tampoco es ninguna maravilla, pero el cuerpo de la noticia, recogido de EFE Bruselas, es la explicación más fiel que podéis encontrar en los medios fuera de la propia sentencia. Aquí me gustaría dejar un análisis más sosegado y racional de todo el embrollo si me es posible.


Enviado por Biblio on 14/5/2015 9:59:52 (64 Lecturas)

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Leading bioethicists back euthanasia for mentally ill
by Xavier Symons | 9 May 2015 | (2)

tags: Canada, euthanasia, informed consent, mental illness, paternalism

Many believe in euthanasia for the terminally ill. But why not legalize it for those suffering from an untreatable mental illness?

In the Journal of Medical Ethics, two influential bioethicists argue that we should allow euthanasia for patients suffering from ‘treatment-resistant’ depression. Udo Schuklenk, of Queens University in Canada, and Suzanne van de Vathorst, of the University of Amsterdam, claim it is discriminatory to allow euthanasia or assisted suicide for terminally ill patients but to deny it to those who suffer from incurable mental illness. Professor Schuklenk is co-editor of the journal Bioethics.


Enviado por Biblio on 13/5/2015 9:31:37 (72 Lecturas)

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Jocelyn Downie suggests ways of creating a national framework for the regulation of physician assisted dying in Canada.

On February 6, 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada declared that the Criminal Code prohibitions on physician-assisted suicide and physician-provided voluntary euthanasia violate the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Not surprisingly, the Court promptly suspended the effect of this declaration for 12 months to give governments time to put systems in place to deal with the implications of the decision. Many people hope that, within those 12 months, a robust national framework for the regulation of physician-assisted dying will be put in place. Such a framework would ensure access to assisted dying, protect the vulnerable, and reconcile (patients’) right to life, liberty, and security of the person with (physicians’) freedom of conscience. A national framework for the regulation of physician-assisted dying is seen as desirable for a variety of reasons including: that it creates consistency regarding access and standards across the country; it allows for the collection, analysis, and sharing of comparable data; and it is more efficient than the implementation of 13 separate oversight bodies.


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