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Enviado por Biblio on 30/10/2014 11:23:25 (11 Lecturas)

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Informal bioethics consulting has been common in many countries for decades. But ethicists in the US are attempting to formalise the practice, creating independent ‘ethics consulting’ services for healthcare professionals and scientists.

Ethics committees such as institutional review boards (IRBs) tend to have a narrow focus and their guidance is often binding on healthcare professionals.

Enviado por Biblio on 29/10/2014 10:19:31 (13 Lecturas)

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Several recent news reports have drawn comparisons between the response to Ebola and the response to AIDS in the early days of that epidemic. In both cases there were questions about balancing public health safety against civil liberties, the obligations of health care workers, and ethical protocols of vaccine and drug trials. Hastings Center projects in the 1980’s were groundbreaking in identifying ethical issues raised by AIDS and helping to establish public health policies that protected people’s civil liberties and privacy while enabling research, diagnosis, and treatment to proceed. Publications from these projects provide historical perspectives, and they reflect similarities and difference in the responses to two deadly infections that caught the world off guard.

Enviado por Biblio on 28/10/2014 9:31:10 (14 Lecturas)

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In this YouTube video Aaron E. Carroll, a paediatrician at Indiana University School of Medicine and a blogger at The Incidental Economist, explains why it is important for doctors to be aware of potential conflicts of interest.

“This ‘magical thinking’ that somehow we, ourselves, are immune to what we are sure will influence others is why conflict of interest regulations exist in the first place. We simply cannot be accurate judges of what’s affecting us.”

Enviado por Biblio on 27/10/2014 10:14:35 (17 Lecturas)

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Over this autumn school term, members of our Education Advisory Group are sharing thoughts and ideas based on their own experience of how bioethics and debate can be useful in education contexts. This post is written by Michael J Reiss, Professor of Education at the Institute of Education, University of London.
I joined the Nuffield Council on Bioethics Reaching Out to Young People Group (now the Education Advisory Group) at its inception ten years ago. But what is the current state of bioethics education in England? Are things getting better or worse?
On the plus side, we now have many more high quality resources than we used to, not a few of them the result of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics’ own work. Such resources are being used in science lessons, in RE lessons and in a number of other subject areas. Furthermore, bioethics itself remains prominent in media debates. There are such perennial questions as the acceptability of animal experiments and newer issues such as three-parent babies, neuro-enhancers and badger culling as a control measure for bovine TB.
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Enviado por Biblio on 24/10/2014 13:29:59 (31 Lecturas)

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In preparing for a talk in Michigan this week, I was refreshing myself on some of the key health care decisions laws from that state. One of the most significant is the Supreme Court's 1995 decision in In re Martin. I love this quote:
The decision to accept or reject life-sustaining treatment has no equal. We enter this arena humbly acknowledging that neither law, medicine nor philosophy can provide a wholly satisfactory answer to this question.
To err either way has incalculable ramifications. To end the life of a patient who still derives meaning and enjoyment from life or to condemn persons to lives from which they cry out for release is nothing short of barbaric. If we are to err, however, we must err in preserving life.

Enviado por Biblio on 23/10/2014 16:16:20 (35 Lecturas)

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In discussions with palliative care social workers, there is a sense that we are afforded somewhat unique opportunities in medical social work. Although we work closely with other social workers in the medical setting, we have a different relationship both with patients and families and with other medical teammates. There are many traits that the palliative social worker needs to be able to demonstrate in order to be effective in his or her role.

Enviado por Biblio on 22/10/2014 10:03:59 (120 Lecturas)

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Sarah Chapple argues that young adults who are living with a disability need access to a variety of appropriate housing and care options

It may be surprising to learn that one of the most rapidly growing populations in geriatric care facilities is not the elderly, but young adults with disabilities. An estimated 10-15% of residents living in geriatric care homes throughout Canada are young adults with disabilities.

Enviado por cesierra48 on 21/10/2014 12:19:52 (142 Lecturas)


Carlos Eduardo de Jesús Sierra Cuartas
Profesor Asociado, Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Miembro del Comité de Ética de la Investigación, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Medellín

Tan sólo una ilusión

En la actualidad, la humanidad comienza a adentrarse en el cosmos con motivo de los proyectos que se están barajando en lo relativo al establecimiento de colonias humanas en la Luna y en Marte. Al leer las noticias respectivas, podemos observar que no falta la euforia que, desde los primeros días de la era espacial, ha solido acompañar a estos eventos, máxime por la dimensión mediática que jamás ha faltado al respecto.

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Enviado por Biblio on 20/10/2014 12:32:36 (109 Lecturas)

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Does early to bed and early to rise, make a man healthy, wealthy and more ethical? Earlier research suggested a “morning morality effect”: that people are more ethical early in the morning, becoming less so as they “wear out as a day wears on.”

Not so fast, researchers now say. New research casts doubt on conceptions that night owls are less ethical than their early rising lark counterparts. Instead, a better predictor for ethical behavior takes into account the “fit” between one’s chronotype — night owl or morning lark — and the time of day when ethical behavior is implicated.

Enviado por Biblio on 17/10/2014 10:26:42 (124 Lecturas)

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The Ebola outbreak in West Africa is the largest and deadliest on record, and the crisis is evolving rapidly. More than 2,200 people have been infected in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea, and Nigeria, and more than half have died. The response to the epidemic has raised ethical questions about the fair allocation of scarce resources, the appropriate use of unproven medicines, obligations to health care workers who volunteer for dangerous assignments, and international obligations to invest in adequate public health infrastructures.

Two excellent commentaries this week by Hastings Center Fellows explore these questions, analyze structural problems that are contributing to the present crisis, and offer recommendations for public health planning.

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